Key words: Hepatic diseases — Biochemical markers — Bone turnover — Acid phosphatase.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. Serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAcP) activity is considered to be a biochemical marker of bone resorption. Recently, a lack of specificity of collagen-related markers for assessing bone turnover has been observed in patients with chronic liver disease. Thus, it could be of great interest to determine serum TRAcP activity in such patients. However, nonspecificity of the analytical reaction could occur when hemolyzed, lipemic, or icteric specimens are analyzed. Therefore, we have studied the interference caused by bilirubin in the measurement of serum TRAcP activity using the Hillmann method. The interference was assessed in two pools of serum containing different bilirubin concentrations but with similar total AcP levels. Mixing proportional parts of the two pools, 10 samples were also obtained. Serum activities of total AcP and TRAcP, and the concentration of bilirubin were measured in the 10 samples. Both the actual and the expected values obtained by theoretical calculations were compared. Serum bilirubin values of 2.4 mg/dl showed a negative interference of 15% in the determination of serum TRAcP activity, whereas values of bilirubin higher than 10 mg/dl interfered totally with the measurement of serum TRAcP. Bilirubin did not interfere with the total AcP determination. This study clearly shows the interference of bilirubin in the determination of serum TRAcP. This finding should be considered when bone metabolism disorders are evaluated in jaundiced patients.
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