Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The reaction of ethylenediamine with an equivalent mixture of diversely substituted 3-acyltetramic acids leads to Z/Z, Z/E, E/Z and E/E isomers. The E/Z isomerisation is slow in the NMR time scale of the 1H and 13C chemical shifts; therefore at room temperature and in deuterochloroform all isomers of the new synthesized asymmetric compounds N,N′-ethylene-(1-ethyl-5,5-dimethyl-1′,5′,5′-trimethyl-3,3′-acetyltetramic acid) a, N,N′-ethylene-(5,5-dimethyl-1′,5′,5′-trimethyl-3,3′-acetyltetramic acid) b and, N,N′-ethylene-(1,5,5-trimethyl-1′,5′,5′-trimethyl-3-acetyl-3′-formyl-tetramic acid) c could be found in the corresponding spectra. To assign the 13C NMR signals we used two-dimensional 13C-1H one-bond (HMQC) and 13C-1H multibond (HMBC) correlated spectroscopy and the empirical rule that CO signals involved in hydrogen bonds are shifted to a lower field. The relative stability of isomers depending on substitution pattern could be estimated from the composition of the equilibria. b crystallizes as Z/Z isomer from ethanolic solution. The X-ray structural analysis of b has shown two CH-O hydrogen bonds.
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