Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 68: Hourly Solar Radiation Forecasting Using a Volterra-Least Squares Support Vector Machine Model Combined with Signal Decomposition Energies doi: 10.3390/en11010068 Authors: Zhenyu Wang Cuixia Tian Qibing Zhu Min Huang Accurate solar forecasting facilitates the integration of solar generation into the grid by reducing the integration and operational costs associated with solar intermittencies. A novel solar radiation forecasting method was proposed in this paper, which uses two kinds of adaptive single decomposition algorithm, namely, empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and local mean decomposition (LMD), to decompose the strong non-stationary solar radiation sequence into a set of simpler components. The least squares support vector machine (LSSVM) and the Volterra model were employed to build forecasting sub-models for high-frequency components and low-frequency components, respectively, and the sub-forecasting results of each component were superimposed to obtain the final forecast results. The historical solar radiation data collected on Golden (CO, USA), in 2014 were used to evaluate the accuracy of the proposed model and its comparison with that of the ARIMA, the persistent model. The comparison demonstrated that the superior performance of the proposed hybrid method.
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering