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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2014-09-10
    Description: Magnetic anomalies of the South American continent are generally more positive and variable than the oceanic anomalies. There is better correlation between the magnetic anomalies and the major tectonic elements of the continents than between the anomalies and the main tectonic elements of the adjacent oceanic areas. Oceanic areas generally show no direct correlation to the magnetic anomalies. Precambrian continental shields are mainly more magnetic than continental basins and orogenic belts. Shields differ markedly from major aulacogens which are generally characterized by negative magnetic anomalies and positive gravity anomalies. The Andean orogenic belt shows rather poor correlation with the magnetic anomalies. The magnetic data exhibit instead prominent east-west trends, which although consistent with some tectonic features, may be related to processing noise derived from data reduction procedures to correct for external magnetic field effects. The pattern over the Andes is sufficiently distinct from the generally north trending magnetic anomalies occurring in the adjacent Pacific Ocean to separate effectively the leading edge of the South American Plate from the Nazea Plate. Eastern South America is characterized by magnetic anomalies which commonly extend across the continental margin into the Atlantic Ocean.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Texas Univ. Appl. of MAGSAT to Lithospheric Modeling in South America, Part 2; 177 p
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Comparison of MAGSAT scalar magnetic anomaly data to the main tectonic provinces and boundaries of South America reveals a number of geologic correlations. South America is divisible into a broad platform of Precambrian shields and cratons separated by Phanerozoic basins, grabens and aulacogens to the east, the Phanerozoic Patagonian Platform to the south, and the Mesozoic to Cenozoic Andean Fold Belt and Caribbean Mountain System to the west and north. The continental shields are mainly more magnetic then continental basins and orogenic belts. Cratons, mainly covered by younger sedimentary rocks, are generally associated with magnetic gradients. Most of the anomalies associated with the Patagonian Platform are positive and have higher amplitudes eastward away from the Andean Fold Belt. The northern Andes are coincident with positive magnetic anomalies, whereas the central and southern Andes are associated mainly with negative anomalies.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Texas Univ. Appl. of MAGSAT to Lithospheric Modeling in South America, Part 2; p 52-58|Ann. Intern. Meeting and Exposition of the Soc. of Exploration Geophysicists; 1982; Dallas, TX; United States
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Intensities of MAGSAT scalar magnetic anomaly data correlate with the main tectonic provinces of South America and the Caribbean region. Magnetic anomalies of the continents generally have higher amplitudes than oceanic anomalies. This is particularly evident in Central America and in the shield areas of South America. The Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico are underlain by prominent magnetic minima. Within these oceanic areas, linear magnetic highs correlate with topographic ridges which separate the Gulf of Mexico, the Colombian Basin, and the Venezuelan Basin. The boundaries of the Caribbean plate occur along magnetic gradients which are particularly sharp along the northern and western margins of the plate, but gradational along the southern margin where they merge with the Andean Cordillera. The anomalies along the western margin of the South American plate are also distinct and appear to be separate from those of the adjacent ocean basin. Eastern South America is characterized by magnetic anomalies which commonly extend into the Atlantic Ocean.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Texas Univ. Appl. of MAGSAT to Lithospheric Modeling in South America, Part 2; p 27-28|Caribbean Geol. Conf.; Aug. 1983; Cartagena; Colombia
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-4803
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract The behavior of liquid tin and its alloys in oxygen at temperature range 600 to 800°C were investigated. Rapid and nearly linear reaction kinetics were observed for pure tin at temperature higher than 700°C. Marker experiments, which determine the mode of mass transport through the scale, and wetting phenomena between the oxide and melts were studied to delineate the reaction mechanism of oxide growth. Moreover, the rates of oxidation of tin were markedly changed by alloying it with small amount of foreign elements. Significantly increased oxidation rates for binary tin alloys containing Mg, Ba, La or Ca were observed. TEM studies indicated that additional growth stresses were introduced into the SnO2 scales by these additions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-4803
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract A novel ZnO-based composite material is fabricated by oxidation of Zn alloy melts, in which outward growth of the reaction products and rapid reaction kinetics are observed. Additions of Na and Bi to the Zn melts are found to be essential to increase the matrix growth rate to a practical level. Optimum reaction rates are observed for Zn-3Na-5Bi alloys oxidized at temperatures between 450 and 550°C in pure oxygen. Processing parameters, such as alloy composition and oxygen activity, also have a profound impact on the resulting microstructure and reaction kinetics. The evidences supported that the continuous outward growth of the matrix is achieved via modification of the ZnO defect structure and partial wetting of the growing oxide by the melts.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of superconductivity 11 (1998), S. 569-573 
    ISSN: 1572-9605
    Keywords: Bi-2212 ; superconducting tape ; critical current density ; melt processing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The powder-in-tube (PIT) process has been widely used to fabricate long lengths of superconducting wires and tapes. However, it has been noted that the performance of long lengths of superconductor is variable and difficult to replace. To help pinpoint the possible sources of variation, a systematic study of the effect of processing variables, including deformation and heat treatment procedures, on the electrical properties of the Bi-2212 tapes at cryogenic temperatures was conducted. In addition, the effect of varying powder particle sizes was examined. For tapes fabricated by different thickness reduction schedules, significant variations in critical current density (J c) were observed. It is concluded that a combination of small roll diameter and small reduction-per-pass produces tapes with highest J c. Moreover, the maximum J c occurred in a narrow temperature range when melt processing was done in pure oxygen. Microstructural examination was used to correlate J c and both the volume fractions of a nonsuperconducting second phase and the Bi-2212 grain orientation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-06-01
    Electronic ISSN: 2045-2322
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Published by Springer Nature
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