Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Scratching experiments have been carried out on hot-pressed alumina by using single-point diamonds of conical shape (conical angle 85, 108, 128 and 65° and nose radius 1.6, 1.1, 1.9 and 45.0μm, respectively). With an increase of the scratching depth, the material exhibits the following behaviour: macroscopic plastic deformation → scale-like cracking → cracking or chipping. Cracking or chipping is absent only if the groove depths are less than certain values which vary with the diamond shape. The crack penetration depth is approximately in proportion to the depth of cut. For a depth of cut less than 2μm, the penetration depth of crack induced by the diamond of nose radius 45.0μm is almost 8 times those produced by the other diamonds. For a depth of cut more than 2μm, the former is more than twice the latter. The coefficients of pile-up increase as the depths of cut decrease.
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