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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-10-28
    Description: [This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control. It designated Mr Brian Hayes (MEP) to follow the study.] - The recent European crisis has put the issue of government efficiency high on national policy agendas. Policy measures that result in a reduction of bureaucratic slack or red tape can alleviate the trade-off between consolidation and public service provision. Since 2007 the role of the EU budget in support of administrative reforms has been strengthening, at least in formal terms. However, the extent to which the various EU budgetary instruments have encouraged public administration reforms is unclear. Against the background of the overall European approach towards public administration reforms, this study reviews the current budgetary instruments that directly or indirectly support such reforms, and analyses the coherence, EU added value and complementarities within them. Case studies on four Member States and an analysis of current networks and award initiatives to disseminate best practices complete the study. Based on extensive desk research and a set of semi-structured interviews, the analysis finds a positive but modest impact of the EU budget and existing networks on reform activity. Some of the key recommendations are to improve the consistency of Country Specific Recommendations related to administrative reforms, increase the effectiveness of the Structural Reform Support Programme, and to ensure coherence and complementarity between all EU-funded interventions as well as their monitoring and evaluation processes. As to the role of learning and policy-diffusion, the study recommends to promote focused peer-to-peer exchange among public sector managers, and to develop a more credible evaluation of public sector awards.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Verwaltungsreform ; EU-Haushalt ; Europäische Finanzpolitik
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 2
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    Mannheim: Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-23
    Description: Die EU-Regionalpolitik bildet den zweitgrößten Posten im EU-Budget. Ein zentrales Ziel ist die Verringerung ökonomischer Unterschiede zwischen den Regionen der EU. Hinsichtlich der Wachstumswirkungen sind jedoch Zweifel entstanden. Das ZEW hat daher eine Analyse der Wachstumswirkungen auf Basis eines innovativen Ansatzes vorgenommen.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-06-22
    Description: We advance the literature on political budget cycles by testing separately for cycles in expenditures for elections in the legislative and the executive. Using municipal data, we can separately identify these cycles and account for general year effects. For the executive branch, we show that it is important whether the incumbent re-runs. To account for the potential endogeneity associated with this decision, we apply a unique instrumental variables approach based on age and pension eligibility rules. We find sizable and significant effects in expenditures before council elections and before joint elections when the incumbent re-runs.
    Keywords: H11 ; H71 ; H72 ; H74 ; ddc:330 ; election cycles ; municipal expenditures ; council and mayor elections ; instrumental variables approach
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2017-12-19
    Description: We advance the literature on political budget cycles by testing separately for cycles in expenditures for elections in the legislative and the executive. Using municipal data, we can separately identify these cycles and account for general year effects. For the executive branch, we show that it is important whether the incumbent re-runs. To account for the potential endogeneity associated with this decision, we apply a unique instrumental variables approach based on age and pension eligibility rules. We find sizable and significant effects in expenditures before council elections and before joint elections when the incumbent re-runs.
    Keywords: H11 ; H71 ; H72 ; H74 ; ddc:330 ; election cycles ; municipal expenditures ; council and mayor elections ; instrumental variables approach
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2017-05-04
    Description: Following numerous reforms of fiscal governance in the eurozone since 2011, the year 2016 saw another important innovation: the founding of the European Fiscal Board (EFB) with the selection and appointment of its five members. The EFB was one of the elements envisaged by the Five Presidents' Report in June 2015 (Juncker et al., 2015) for a future "Fiscal Union". It is the only element among those in the report to have been established within such a remarkably short time span. The decision to create this new institution was taken by the European Commission (EC) in October 2015. The Board began operating shortly after its members were appointed in October 2016.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Mannheim: Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)
    Publication Date: 2017-12-19
    Description: We implement a meta-regression-analysis for the budgetary impact of numerical fiscal rules. Based on 30 studies published in the last decade, we offer a consensus estimate with respect to the level of statistical significance, provide suggestive evidence for the effect size, and identify study features of relevance for the measured impact of fiscal rules. Overall, the results document a constraining impact of rules. However, this impact is weakened if refined identification strategies are employed. Moreover, the results provide evidence for a publication bias in which journals are more likely to report constraining and statistically significant effects compared to working papers. We further provide recommendations for future research on the budgetary impact of fiscal rules.
    Keywords: H50 ; H6 ; H63 ; ddc:330 ; fiscal rules ; meta-regression-analysis ; public finances
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
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    Freiburg i. Br.: Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Institut für Allgemeine Wirtschaftsforschung, Abteilung für Wirtschaftspolitik und Ordnungsökonomik
    Publication Date: 2019-03-23
    Description: Defekte Schultoiletten und gesperrte Brücken haben in Deutschland eine neue Debatte um eine öffentliche Investitionsschwäche ausgelöst. Eine Erhöhung der öffentlichen Investitionsquote wird dabei oftmals als Allheilmittel zur Stärkung der Wirtschaft gesehen. Vielfach wird sogar eine Verpflichtung für den Staat gefordert, Investitionen in einem Umfang zu tätigen, der zumindest die Abschreibungen ausgleicht (Expertenkommission "Stärkung von Investitionen in Deutschland", 2015). Eine solche Regel wäre allerdings nicht dazu geeignet, die genannten Probleme zu lösen - vielmehr könnte sie zu teuren Fehlallokationen verleiten.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Wiesbaden: Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: Defekte Schultoiletten und gesperrte Brücken haben in Deutschland eine neue Debatte um eine öffentliche Investitionsschwäche ausgelöst. Eine Erhöhung der öffentlichen Investitionsquote wird dabei oftmals als Allheilmittel zur Stärkung der Wirtschaft gesehen. Vielfach wird sogar eine Verpflichtung für den Staat gefordert, Investitionen in einem Umfang zu tätigen, der zumindest die Abschreibungen ausgleicht (Expertenkommission "Stärkung von Investitionen in Deutschland", 2015). Eine solche Regel wäre allerdings nicht dazu geeignet, die genannten Probleme zu lösen - vielmehr könnte sie zu teuren Fehlallokationen verleiten.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2015-02-17
    Description: Using an epidemiological approach, we study the cultural influence on fertility outcomes of first- and second-generation female immigrants based on a 1% sample of the German population. We proxy for culture in the country of origin using total fertility rates from the year of migration, survey measures of fertility norms and cohort fertility rates from the year of birth. The last measure has not been used in the literature before. The large dataset allows us to focus on a relatively narrow range for age at migration and to estimate models that rely on within-country variation only, leading to more credible identification. We find a statistically significant, sizeable and robust impact of country-of-origin fertility rates on fertility outcomes. The impact works mainly through the intensive margin and less through the probability of having children. It is strongest in the first generation and becomes weaker for generation 1.5 (migrants arriving as children) and the second generation. The cultural influence is strongest for women with low education.
    Keywords: J13 ; J16 ; J15 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2015-05-08
    Description: Many economic studies analyse the impact of fiscal rules and discuss their effectiveness in limiting excessive debt. A majority of these studies, however, neglects or only deals insufficiently with the potential issue of endogeneity. In this paper, we propose a novel identification approach which identifies the impact of fiscal rules free from effects driving simultaneously the fiscal performance and the existence or strength of rules at the country level. In its core, the approach relies on unexpected shocks in long-run growth in order to derive a setting free from unobserved fiscal preferences and to allow for causal interpretation.
    Keywords: H50 ; H60 ; H63 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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