Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A combination of electrophoresis, dynamic light scattering, conductometry, and fluorescence spectroscopy was applied to investigate vesicles (both in the “solid” and “liquid” states) that had been imparted with electric charge through the incorporation of ionic amphiphiles. These amphiphilic compounds comprised cardiolipin (with two negative charges), sodium dodecyl sulfate (with one negative charge), and cetylpyridinium bromide (with one positive charge). By this means it was discovered that negative vesicles could be converted into neutral vesicles, and then into positive vesicles, by the addition of a cationic surfactant. The amount of cationic surfactant required for the conversion depended upon the mobility of the surfactant within the bilayer. Vesicles were found to be capable of absorbing large amounts of surfactant, both cationic and anionic, before ultimately disintegrating and releasing their contents. Mixtures of cationic and anionic vesicles were able to exchange surfactant, and thereby neutralize each other's charges, without any concurrent vesicle fusion. This phenomenon is reliable only if the vesicles are in the liquid state. Finally, a biphasic exchange process was observed in which a surfactant rapidly departs from one bilayer and then enters another, while a fluorescently labeled lipid travels the reverse path only slowly.
Type of Medium: