Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The adsorption behavior of dioctyldimethylammonium chloride at water/ hexane interface has been studied by measuring the interfacial tension as a function of temperature and pressure at various bulk concentrations. By applying the thermodynamics of adsorption at interfaces to the experimental results, the thermodynamic quantity changes associated with adsorption and the interfacial density of dioctyldimethylammonium chloride have been evaluated. The interfacial tension vs temperature and concentration curves have shown the breaks and it has been concluded that the first order phase transition takes place between a gaseous and an expanded state. The entropy and volume changes associated with adsorption have shown the remarkable dependence on temperature and pressure and have been found to decrease with increasing the molality. Also the energy change associated with adsorption has been evaluated and it has been concluded that the adsorption of dioctyldimethylammonium chloride at water/hexane interface is enhanced by negative values of the partial molar energy change. Further, all the thermodynamic quantities have been characterized by the discontinuous change attributable to the phase transition.
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