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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Computations are presented using the conical Euler equations for swept delta wings with leading edge vortices. All the wings have sharp leading edges swept at 75 degrees to the freestream. In addition to an idealized flat plate model, geometrical features also included are thickness, centerbody, and two vortex flaps. Freestream Mach numbers of 1.7 to 2.8, angles of attack of 10 and 12 degrees, and angles of yaw of 0 and 8 degrees are considered. The computations are compared with pitot pressure traverses for one case. Other calculations are compared with surface pressure data and vapor screen pictures recently obtained at NASA Langley Research Center. The comparisons indicate that the dominant features of these flows are adequately modeled by the Euler equations, but viscous models are needed for the surface boundary layer and secondary separations.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 86-0439
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Computations are presented using the conical Euler equations for swept delta wings with leading edge vortices. All the wings have sharp leading edges swept at 75 degrees to the freestream. In addition to an idealized flat plate model, geometrical features also included are thickness, centerbody, and two vortex flaps. Freestream Mach numbers of 1.7 to 2.8, angles of attack of 10 and 12 degrees, and angles of yaw of 0 and 8 degrees are considered. The computations are compared with pitot pressure traverses for one case. Other calculations are compared with pitot pressure traverses for one case. Other calculations are compared with surface pressure data and vapor screen pictures recently obtained at NASA Langley Research Center. The comparisons indicate that the dominant features of these flows are adequately modeled by the Euler equations, but viscous models are needed for the surface boundary layer and secondary separations.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 86-0439
    Format: text
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The results of experimental and theoretical investigations into the effect of fuselage upwash on fighter aircraft wing performance are reported. Wind tunnel trials were performed on 4 percent scale models of two supersonic fighters. The trials were run at Mach 1.6-2.0, an Re of 2,000,000 and at angles of attack (AOA) of -4 to 20 deg. Measurements were made of lift, drag and pitching moments. Two linearized theory supersonic aerodynamic prediction codes, PAN AIR and the SDAS lift analysis, were used to predict the same aerodynamic coefficients. The fuselage AOA augmented the lift and pitching moment at 0, 2 and 5 deg. The contribution mainly arose from the fuselage-induced upwash. The PAN AIR code gave superior data for the fuselage aerodynamics and effects, although both codes accurately predicted the overall lift and moment increments due to the fuselage AOA.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 84-2193
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 194 (1962), S. 985-986 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Both eyes of 14 and 17 rabbits in the first and second experiment, respectively (Table 1), were infected with the MP strain of herpes simplex after scratching the cornea; in all cases, marked lesions developed within 3 days. In the first experiment, the left eyes were treated with the test ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Wings, designed for leading edge thrust at supersonic speeds, were investigated in the Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.60, 1.80, 2.00, 2.16, and 2.36. Experimental data were obtained on a uncambered wing which had three interchangeable leading edges that varied from sharp to blunt. The leading edge thrust concept was evaluated. Results from the investigation showed that leading edge flow separation characteristics of all wings tested agree well with theoretical predictions. The experimental data showed that significant changes in wing leading edge bluntness did not affect the zero lift drag of the uncambered wings.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.60:2204 , L-15620 , NASA-TP-2204
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A theoretical and experimental investigation has been conducted to evaluate the fundamental supersonic aerodynamic characteristics of a generic twin-body model at a Mach number of 2.70. Results show that existing aerodynamic prediction methods are adequate for making preliminary aerodynamic estimates.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-TP-2184 , NAS 1.61:2184 , L-15607
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An experimental and theoretical study was conducted to investigate the supersonic aerodynamic characteristics of delta and double-delta wings. Testing was conducted in the Langley Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.60, 1.90, and 2.16. The double-delta wings exhibited lower zero-lift drag values than the delta wings having the same aspect ratio, whereas delta wings provided the lower drag due to lift. Deflections of the trailing-edge flaps for pitch control revealed that the induced aerodynamic forces were only a function of the flap planform and were independent of wing planform. The supporting theoretical analysis showed that the supersonic design and analysis system (SDAS) did not consistently predict all the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics of the low-sweep, low-fineness-ratio wing-body configurations under investigation.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.60:2433 , NASA-TP-2433 , L-15899
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An experimental investigation of the lee-side flow on sharp leading-edge delta wings at supersonic speeds has been conducted. Pressure data were obtained at Mach numbers from 1.5 to 2.8, and three types of flow-visualization data (oil-flow, tuft, and vapor-screen) were obtained at Mach numbers from 1.7 to 2.8 for wing leading-edge sweep angles from 52.5 deg to 75 deg. From the flow-visualization data, the lee-side flows were classified into seven distinct types and a chart was developed that defines the flow mechanism as a function of the conditions normal to the wing leading edge, specifically, angle of attack and Mach number. Pressure data obtained experimentally and by a semiempirical prediction method were employed to investigate the effects of angle of attack, leading-edge sweep, and Mach number on vortex strength and vortex position. In general, the predicted and measured values of vortex-induced normal force and vortex position obtained from experimental data have the same trends with angle of attack, Mach number, and leading-edge sweep; however, the vortex-induced normal force is underpredicted by 15 to 30 percent, and the vortex spanwise location is overpredicted by approximately 15 percent.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.60:2430 , NASA-TP-2430 , L-15888
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An experimental and theoretical investigation of fuselage incidence effects on two fighter aircraft models, which differed in wing planform only, has been conducted in the Langley Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.6, 1.8, and 2.0. Results were obtained on the two models at fuselage incidence angles of 0 deg, 2 deg, and 5 deg. The fuselage geometry included two side-mounted, flow-through, half-axisymmetric inlets and twin vertical tails. The two planforms tested were cranked wings with 70 deg/66 deg and 70 deg/30 deg leading-edge sweep angles. Experimental data showed that fuselage incidence resulted in positive increments in configuration lift and pitching moment; most of the lift increment can be attributed to the fuselage-induced upwash acting on the wing and most of the pitching-moment increment is due to the fuselage. Theoretical analysis indicates that linear-theory methods can adequately predict the overall configuration forces and moments resulting from fuselage upwash, but a higher order surface-panel method (PAN AIR) more accurately predicted the distribution of forces and resulting moments between the components.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-TP-2330 , L-15758 , NAS 1.60:2330
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Four advanced fighter configurations, which differed in wing planform and airfoil shape, were investigated in the Langley Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.60, 1.80, 2.00, and 2.16. Supersonic data were obtained on the four uncambered wings, which were each attached to a single fighter fuselage. The fuselage geometry varied in cross-sectional shape and had two side-mounted, flow-through, half-axisymmetric inlets. Twin vertical tails were attached to the fuselage. The four planforms tested were a 65 deg delta wing, a combination of a 20 deg trapezoidal wing and a 45 deg horizontal tail, a 70 deg/30 deg cranked wing, and a 70 deg/66 deg crank wing, where the angle values refer to the leading-edge sweep angle of the lifting-surface planform. Planform effects on a single fuselage representative of an advanced fighter aircraft were studied. Results show that the highly swept cranked wings exceeded the aerodynamic performance levels, at low lift coefficients, of the 65 deg delta wing and the 20 deg trapezoidal wing at trimmed and untrimmed conditions.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.60:2269 , L-15706 , NASA-TP-2269
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