Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Internalization of EGF and transferrin measured as the rate of uptake of 125l-labeled ligands was compared in the cell line CCL39 and a mutant derivative, PS120, lacking the Na+/H+ antiport system. No significant alteration was detected between the two cell lines. In contrast, pretreatment of the mutant cells PS-120 with 20 mM NH4Cl for 30 min to decrease persistently intracellular pH resulted in an increase in 125I-EGF and 125I-transferrin uptake by 60% and 25%, respectively. However, similar NH4Cl pretreatment of the parental cell line, CCL-39, which only affected intracellular pH very transiently did not cause an increase of ligand uptake. The binding of 125I-EGF to CCL-39 and PS-120 cells with or without NH4Cl pretreatment showed that NH4Cl pretreatment did not affect EGF binding in either CCL-39 or PS-120 cells. Since cells regulate intracellular pH by ion transport systems, we also examined the role of Na+, K+-ATPase. Ouabain, an inhibitor of Na+, K+-ATPases, showed no effect on 125I-EGF uptake in either of the cell types with or without NH4Cl pretreatment. Taken together, these results suggest that the plasma membrane-bound Na+/H+ antiport, a major pHi-regulating system in vertebrates, indirectly plays a role in ligand internalization through regulation of intracellular pH.
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