Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The fluorescence properties of several cooligopeptides of glycine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan, containing one or two aromatic residues, are investigated. In particular, a detailed analysis is made of the influence of pH upon the quantum yield and the position of the emission maximum (λmax) in H-Trp-Trp-OH, H-Trp-Gly-OH, H-Gly-Trp-OH, H-Gly-Trp-Gly-OH, H-Trp-Trp-OH, H-Trp-Trp-Gly-OH, H-Gly-Trp-Trp-OH, H-Phe-Trp-OH, H-Phe-Trp-Gly-OH, H-Gly-Phe-Trp-OH, and H-Gly-X-(Gly)n-Trp-Gly-OH, with X = Phe or Trp, and n = 0,1,2. It is shown that raising the pH from ca. 2 to 11 results in a red shift of λmax, and an increase in the quantum yield. These changes, mostly structure dependent, are in most cases attributable to electronic perturbations acting directly upon the λmax of the fluorophore(s) and upon the quenching efficiency of the free amino and carbonyl groups. For the compounds having two adjacent tryptophyl residues, it is shown that the two fluorophores do not appear to have the same emission properties and the quantum yield is lower than expected. The causes of this behavior are discussed in terms of conformational effects, stacking interactions, and radiationless energy transfer. Finally, an attempt is made to correlate fluorescence data with previous circular dichroism data which had indicated the occurrence of a conformationally rigid structure for some of the compounds having two adjacent aromatic residues.
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