long-range carbon-proton coupling constants
number correlation function
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The conformational space of methyl 6-O-[(R)- and (S)- 1-carboxyethyl]-α-D-galactopyranoside has been investigated. A grid search employing energy minimization at each grid point over the three major degrees of freedom, namely φ, ψ and ω, identified low energy regions. The R-isomer shows five low energy conformers within ca. 1 kcal mol−1 of the global energy minimum. The S-isomer has two conformers within a few tenths of a kcal mol−1 of the global energy minimum. Langevin dynamics simulations have been have been performed at 300 K for 30 ns of each isomer. The φ dihedral angle has as its major conformer (g−1) for the R-isomer whereas it is the (g+) conformer for the S-isomer. For the ψ dihedral angle the (t) conformer has the highest population for both isomers. The dihedral angle ω has the (g+) conformer most highly populated, both for the R- and S-isomer. The above five and two conformational states for the R- and S-isomers, respectively, make up 90% in each case of the populated states during the Langevin dynamics (LD) simulations. Rate constants for the ω dihedral angle have been calculated based on a number correlation function. Three bond homo- and heteronuclear, i.e. proton and carbon-13, coupling constants have been calculated from the dynamics trajectories for comparison to experimental values. The heteronuclear coupling constant H2′,C6 has been measured for the S-isomer and found to be 3.3 Hz. The J value calculated from the LD simulations, namely 2.6 Hz, is in fair agreement with experiment. A comparison to the X-ray structure of the R-isomer shows that the conformation of the crystalline compound occupies the low energy region most highly populated as a single R-conformer (30%) during the LD simulations.
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