ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Proceed order?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1520-5045
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 38 (1992), S. 703-715 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Influence of the tube and particle diameter and shape, as well as their ratio, on the radial heat transport in packed beds has been studied. Heat transport experiments were performed with four different packings in three wall-cooled tubes, which differed in inner diameter only. Experimental values for the effective radial heat conductivity and wall heat-transfer coefficient for the pseudo-homogeneous two-dimensional model and the overall heat-transfer coefficient for the one-dimensional model are presented. Values were obtained for glass spheres, alumina cylinders, and alumina Raschig rings. The effective radial heat conductivity and wall heat-transfer coefficient can both be correlated as a linear function of the gas flow rate. The Bodenstein number for heat at fully developed turbulent flow is influenced strongly by the shape of the packing: 10.9 for glass spheres, 7.6 for alumina cylinders, and 4.2 for alumina Raschig rings. For the same packing, no significant influence is found of the tube diameter on the effective radial heat conductivity or on the wall heat-transfer coefficient. The overall heat-transfer coefficient can be described very well by the so-called “lump equation,” which gives the relations among the overall heat-transfer coefficient, effective radial heat conductivity, and wall heat-transfer coefficient. The “lump factor,” as used in the lump equation, has a best-fit experimental value of 7.4.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 42 (1996), S. 1139-1148 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The behavior of a reverse-flow reactor was studied for the purification of polluted air by catalytic combustion. A heterogeneous one-dimensional model was extended with a heat balance for the reactor wall. An overall heat transport term is included to account for the small heat losses in radial direction.The calculations are compared to experimental data without using fit parameters. The agreement between simulations and experiments is generally good. Discrepancies can be explained mainly by inaccurate kinetic data and experimental uncertainties. At low gas velocities and for small reactor diameters, the one-dimensional model failed and a two-dimensional model must be developed to improve the predictive potential.
    Additional Material: 13 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 42 (1996), S. 2635-2644 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The significance of the statistical character of wall-cooled packed-bed reactors was studied by measuring angular temperature variations, which result from the random nature of the packing. These are neglected in present-day mathematical models designed to describe the reactor behavior. The amplitude of these variations was determined experimentally as a function of the mass flux and the position in the tube, under conditions of heat transfer as well as of reaction. Angular variations are significant whenever radial temperature gradients are large.Different methods used to average observed variations were surveyed. For the system presented, the angular variations have only a limited influence on the reaction rates if the angular averaged temperature is used. Thus, a two-dimensional deterministic continuum model can be used, notwithstanding the statistical character of the packed bed.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Data on design and operation of trickle beds at elevated pressures are scarce. In this study the influence of the gas density on the liquid holdup, the pressure drop, and the transition between trickle and pulse flow has been investigated in a tricklebed reactor operating up to 7.5 MPa and with nitrogen or helium as the gas phase. Gas-liquid interfacial areas have been determined up to 5.0 MPa by means of CO2 absorption from CO2/N2 gas mixtures into amine solutions.A comparison of the results from nitrogen as the gas phase to those of helium shows that at equal gas densities the hydrodynamic states are the same. The gas-liquid interfacial area increases when operating at higher gas densities. When the determined dimensionless interfacial areas agl/as are all within the range 0.25-0.8, the trickle-bed reactor is suggested to operate in the trickle-flow regime. The gas density has a strong influence on the liquid holdup. Due to the higher pressure gradients at elevated gas densities, the liquid holdup decreases noticeably. Besides, the boundary between the trickle-flow and pulse-flow regime shifts toward higher liquid throughputs: the region for trickle-flow operationg becomes larger. For the liquid holdup and the pressure gradient in the trickle-flow regime, correlations derived based on dimensionless numbers can be applied to high-prssure trickle beds.
    Additional Material: 13 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 38 (1992), S. 1871-1880 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The dynamic behaviour of an adiabatic tubular plant reactor during the startup is demonstrated, together with the impact of a feed-pump failure of one of the reactants. A dynamic model of the reactor system is presented, and the system response is calculated as a function of experimentally-determined, time-dependent, manipulated variables. The values of model parameters are estimated by using the SimuSolv (1991) computer program. The data set collected during the reactor start-up is used for the parameter estimation procedure. An excellent agreement is obtained between the experimental and the calculated system response. Many continuously-operated commercial reactors require a complete conversion of one of the main reactants at the reactor exit. It is shown that for an industrial tubular reactor a much higher initial reactor temperature is required during the startup, compared to the reactor inlet temperature during normal steady-state operation, to ensure a complete reactant conversion. Much more research is necessary to determine whether this is a generally valid rule.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 40 (1994), S. 862-869 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A novel perfectly mixed laboratory reactor for determining kinetics of heterogeneously catalyzed gas-phase reactions has been developed. Perfect mixing is achieved by circulating the gas in the reactor using an axial flow impeller in a well streamlined enclosure. Pellets are fixed in a rectangular opening in the blades of the impeller. They rotate with the impeller, thus realizing high particle velocities in the reactor. Interparticle mass transfer was studied experimentally by vaporization of naphthalene pellets. The mass-transfer coefficient in the novel reactor was found to depend on the velocity of a particle in the reactor. Mass-transfer coefficients in an internal recycle reactor at equal impeller tip speeds are 4-6 times lower than those in the novel reactor, and conditions can be chosen easily where at higher rotational speeds the mass- and heat-transfer rates are 8-10 times higher than in classical recycle reactors. The recycle flow rate in a recycle reactor was found to depend strongly on the resistance to flow caused by the catalyst bed itself. The novel reactor was tested under reacting conditions using the hydrogenation of ethene.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Rules are presented for the startup of an adiabatic tubular reactor, based on a qualitative analysis of the dynamic behavior of continuously-operated vapor- and liquid-phase processes. The relationships between the process dynamics, operating criteria, and operating constraints are investigated, since a reactor startup cannot be isolated from an entire plant startup. Composition control of the process material is critical to speed up plant startup operations and to minimize the amount of offgrade materials. The initial reactor conditions are normally critical for a successful startup. For process conditioning, a plant should have an operating mode at which the reactor can be included in a recycle loop together with its feed system and downstream process section. Experimental data of an adiabatic tubular reactor startup and thermal runaway demonstrate some operational problems when such an intermediate operating stage is missing. The derived rules are applied to an industrial, highly heat-integrated reactor section, and the resulting startup strategy is summarized in an elementary-step diagram.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 41 (1995), S. 2013-2028 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A new 1-D model for longitudinal dispersion is proposed as an alternative to the Fickian-type dispersed plug-flow model. Accounting for significant features of longitudinal mixing gives rise to a quasilinear hyperbolic system of two first-order equations for the average concentration. The model equations are obtained based on minor extensions of the heuristic equilibrium analysis of Taylor. A qualitative, more general derivation of the equations is given on the basis of the simple generalization of Fick's law, taking into account the finite velocity of fluid elements. For linear problems the mean concentration and the dispersion flux obey a hyperbolic equation of the second order. The proposed hyperbolic model contains three parameters that depend only on the flow conditinos, the physical properties of the fluid, and the gemetry of the system. It effectively resolves the well-known problem of boundary conditions that, for unidirectional flow, are formulated now only at the reactor inlet. The new model eliminates the conceptual shortcomings inherent to the Fickian dispersed plug-flow model: it predicts a finite velocity of signal propagation and does not involve backmixing in the case of unidirectional flow.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 41 (1995), S. 2029-2039 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: An analysis and applications of the wave model for longitudinal dispersion are pre-sented. Asymptotic forms of the wave model are considered and analytical solutions of typical linear stationary and nonstationary problems of chemical reactor engineering interest are obtained and compared to those for the Fickian dispersion model. The wave model leads to efficient analytical solutions for linear problems, which in principle differ from the solutions of the Fickian dispersion model; only for slowly varying concentration fields do the soluctions of both models approach each other. Spatial and time moments of the concentration distribution are obtained for pulse-dispersion problems; the first three spatial moments of the mean, variance, and skewness have exact, large-time asymptotic forms in the case of Taylor dispersion. Old experiments that could not be explained with the standard dispersion model are reconsidered and explained: the change with time of the variance of a concentration pulse when the flow direction is reversed and the difference in values of the apparent axial dispersion coefficient and the backmixing coefficient in a rotating disk contactor. The experimental determination of model parameters is discussed.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...