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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Genetic mapping ; Mutant polypeptides ; Direction of translation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Genetic and biochemical studies have been performed with 110 mutants which are defective in cytochrome a·a3 and map in the regions on mit DNA previously designated OXI1 and OXI2. With 88 mutations allocated to OXI1 fine structure mapping was achieved by the analysis of rho − deletions. The order of six groups of mutational sites (A 1, A2, B 1, B2, C 1, C2) thus determined was confirmed by oxi i x oxi j recombination analysis. Analysis of mitochondrially translated polypeptides of oxil mutants by SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoresis reveals three classes of mutant patterns: i) similar to wild-tpye (19 mutants); ii) lacking SU II of cytochrome c oxidase (53 mutants); iii) lacking this subunit and exhibiting a single new polypeptide of lower Mr (16 mutants). Mutations of each of these classes are scattered over the OXI1 region without any detectable clustering; this is consistent with the assumption that all oxil mutations studied are within the same gene. New polypeptides observed in oxil mutants of class iii) vary in Mr in the range from 10,500 to 33,000. Those of Mr 17,000 to 33,000 are shown to be antigenically related to subunit II of cytochrome c oxidase. Colinearity is established between the series of new polypeptides of Mr values increasing from 10,500 to 31,500 and the order of the respective mutational sites on the map, e.g. mutations mapping in A 1 generate the smallest and mutations mapping in C2 the largest mutant fragments. From these data we conclude that i) all mutations allocated to the OXI1 region are in the same gene; ii) this gene codes for subunit II of cytochrome c oxidase; iii) the direction of translation is from CAP to 0X12. Out of 19 mutants allocated to OXI2 three exhibit a new polypeptide; these and all the other oxi2 mutants lack subunit III of cytochrome oxidase. This result provides preliminary evidence that the OXI2 region harbours the structural gene for this subunit III.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary An approach for the screening of mit - mutants, the isolation and preliminary classification of a series of such mutants is reported. Loss and retention of 8 mit - and 6 drug r markers in mitDNA was analyzed in populations of rho- clones derived from four yeast strains. The populations studied constitute a representative fraction of the rho- petites formed during growth at 35° C under the influence of mutation tsp-25 which is in common to the four strains. The majority of the rho- clones retained several of the markers studied. Depending on the marker regarded retention frequencies between 15% (oxi3) and 45% (oli1, cob) were observed. Loss of one and retention of the other of a pair of markers was determined in all rho- clones of the four populations. The frequencies of marker separation by rho- deletion thus obtained are assumed to reflect the distance between markers on the mitochondrial genome: the higher the frequency of separation the longer the distance between two markers. Based on these frequencies a unique order of markers on a circular map was determined. Positions of markers on a scale from 0 to 100 were found to be: cap/ery (0) — olil (16) — cob1-1354 (21) — ana101 (22) — cob2-1625 (24) — oli2 (35) — pho1 (40) — oxi3-2501 (44) — oxi3-3771 (47) — par (65) — oxi2 (79) — oxil (87) tms8 (93) —cap (100). The relevance of this map as to the faithful representation of the topology of gene loci on mitDNA is discussed. Correlation of retention frequencies of markers to their map positions reveals a pronounced polarity: mitDNA segments carrying the cob-oli1 segment prevail whereas segments retaining oxi3 are the least frequent.
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