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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
    Associated volumes
    Call number: 4/M 10.0210
    In: Lecture notes in earth sciences
    Description / Table of Contents: The broad spectrum of hydrologic responses to earthquakes offers a better understanding of the earth's hydrologic system at a scale which is otherwise unachievable; it has also allowed field testing of several long-standing hypotheses which may impact on our understanding of some earthquake-induced hazards. The book is based on a graduate course on Earthquake Hydrology at Berkeley jointly offered by the authors in the past few years. It begins with an introduction of the basic materials to form a basis for understanding the chapters which follow. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the field to interested readers and beginning researchers, and a convenient reference to numerous publications currently scattered in various journals.
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: X, 225 S. , 100 schw.-w. Ill. , 235 mm x 155 mm
    ISBN: 9783642008092
    Series Statement: Lecture notes in earth sciences 114
    Classification:
    Seismology
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Basel [u.a.] : Birkhäuser
    Call number: 14146
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 373 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
    ISBN: 3764318457
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Call number: 9783030643089 (e-book)
    In: Lecture notes in earth system sciences
    Description / Table of Contents: This open access book explores the interactions between water and earthquakes, including recent concerns about induced seismicity. It further highlights that a better understanding of the response of the water system to disturbances such as earthquakes is needed to safeguard water resources, to shield underground waste repositories, and to mitigate groundwater contamination. Although the effects of earthquakes on streams and groundwater have been reported for thousands of years, this field has only blossomed into an active area of research in the last twenty years after quantitative and continuous documentation of field data became available. This volume gathers the important advances that have been made in the field over the past decade, which to date have been scattered in the form of research articles in various scientific journals.
    Type of Medium: 12
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xvi, 387 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    ISBN: 9783030643089 , 978-3-030-64308-9
    ISSN: 2193-8571 , 2193-858X
    Series Statement: Lecture notes in earth system sciences
    Language: English
    Note: Contents 1 Introduction 2 Groundwater Flow and Transport 3 Hydro-Mechanical Coupling 4 Earthquakes Influenced by Water 5 Response to Tides, Barometric Pressure and Seismic Waves 6 Groundwater Level 7 Stream Flow 8 Groundwater Temperature 9 Groundwater and Stream Composition 10 Geysers 11 Liquefaction 12 Mud Volcanoes 13 Hydrologic Precursors 14 Epilogue
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pure and applied geophysics 116 (1978), S. 717-731 
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Electrical resistivity ; Fracture ; Friction
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Significant changes of electrical resistivity of saturated rocks and water pressure along sliding surface occurred during stick-slips in our direct shear experiment. Two types of changes of electrical resistivity occurred. In the first, resistivity decreased with increasing shear stress, reached minimum together with a sudden release of shear stress and returned to a higher value immediately afterwards. In the second, resistivity again decreased with increasing stress but, in contrast to the first type of changes, it decreased further upon the sudden drop of shear stress. The magnitude and the direction of the changes of water pressure on the sliding surface during stick-slip were not uniform, indicating local variations of surface deformation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pure and applied geophysics 128 (1988), S. 749-766 
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Accretionary complex ; thermal structure ; Barbados
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Finite element modeling of the thermal structure within the Barbados subduction complex is carried out. Kinematics of the sediments inside the complex are computed from a viscous model with inhomogeneous viscosity and the effect of gravity. The model yields an uplift rate compatible with observational data. Advective heat transfer affects the heat flow across the complex. Imbricated thrust faulting further reduces the heat flow across the slope. These mechanisms predict an arcward decrease of heat flow on the lower slope, followed by an increase of heat flow approaching the ridge, little change in heat flow at the forearc basin, and a significant increase of heat flow near the volcanic are, in agreement with the existing observations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pure and applied geophysics 124 (1986), S. 127-140 
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Density structure of the San Andreas fault zone
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract A densely spaced gravity survey across the San andreas fault zone was conducted near Bear Valley, about 180 km south of San Francisco, along a cross-section where a detailed seismic reflection profile was previously made byMcEvilly (1981). WithFeng andMcEvilly's velocity structure (1983) of the fault zone at this cross-section as a constraint, the density structure of the fault zone is obtained through inversion of the gravity data by a method used byParker (1973) andOldenburg (1974). Although the resulting density picture cannot be unique, it is better constrained and contains more detailed information about the structure of the fault than was previously possible. The most striking feature of the resulting density structure is a deeply seated tongue of low-density material within the fault zone, probably representing a wedge of fault gouge between the two moving plates, which projects from the surface to the base of the seismogenic zone. From reasonable assumptions concerning the density of the solid grains and the state of saturation of the fault zone the average porosity of this low-density fault gouge is estimated as about 12%. Stress-induced cracks are not expected to create so much porosity under the pressures in the deep fault zone. Large-scaled removal of fault-zone material by hydrothermal alteration, dissolution, and subsequent fluid transport may have occurred to produce this pronounced density deficiency. In addition, a broad, funnel-shaped belt of low density appears about the upper part of the fault zone, which probably represents a belt of extensively shattered wall rocks.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Fault-bend folding ; seismic velocity ; accretionary prisms
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Fluid venting in accretionary prisms, which feeds chemosynthetic biological communities, occurs mostly on the marginal thrust ridge. New seismic data for the marginal ridge of the Cascadia prism show significantly lower velocity than that in the adjacent oceanic basin and place important constraints on the interpretations of why fluid venting occurs mostly on the marginal ridge. We employed a finite-element method to analyze a typical fault-bend folding model to explain the phenomenon. The fault in the model is simulated by contact elements. The elements are characterized not only by finite sliding along a slide line, but also by elastoplastic deformation. We present the results of a stress analysis which show that the marginal ridge is under subhorizontal extension and the frontal thrust is under compression. This state of stress favors the growth of tensile cracks in the marginal ridge, facilitates fluid flow and reduces seismic velocities therein; on the other hand, it may close fluid pathways along the frontal thrust and divert fluid flow to the marginal ridge.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 248 (1974), S. 579-580 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] We analysed the data provided by Johnson and Wenk and found that, at 95% confidence interval, the mean values of the ratios between the velocities of the compressional waves and shear waves are: along the a direction, an//3ab = 1.42 ± 0.02 and aa/jBac = 1.65 ± 0.03; along the b ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 211 (1966), S. 504-504 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The longitudinal positions of the maxima and minima of satellite geoids determined by various authors are not consistent among themselves. For purposes of comparison, a few of the available results are listed in Table 1. Approximate locations Gulf of Calif, (min) Andes (max) Guinea Basin (min) ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 218 (1968), S. 74-76 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Birch's postulate may be tested by comparing (1) with the equation of state of periclase (in terms of C and ) for which both shock-wave data to 126 mbar and precise ultrasonic data to 4 kbar have become available5,6. The experimental Hugoniot of periclase, in terms of shock velocity Us and particle ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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