Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Nanocomposites of gelatine and gold were prepared by reduction of AuCl4H in a gelatine solution, followed by a spin coating process and a brief washing. The thickness of the films thus obtained was typically 200-400 nm. The surface of the nanocomposites was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface profilometry. The size of the gold particles is in the range of ca. 2-10 nm, as elucidated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Refractive indices were measured by ellipsometry at wavelengths of 632.8 and 1300 nm. The refractive index depends linearly on the volume fraction of gold, at least at 1300 nm. The lowest refractive indices measured are 1.008±0.060 at 1300 nm and 0.963±0.062 at 632.8 nm (limits are 95% confidence interval). These values are, to our best knowledge, the lowest reported for a polymer or polymer composite.
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