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  • 1
    Call number: AWI G3-08-0003
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 246 S. : graph. Darst., Ill.
    Language: English
    Note: Potsdam, Univ., Habil.-Schr., 2007
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Berlin [u.a.] : Walter de Gruyter
    Call number: 20-2/M 14.0104
    Description / Table of Contents: Over the last two decades, exploration of the deep subsurface biosphere has developed into a major research area. New findings constantly challenge our concepts of global biogeochemical cycles and the ultimate limits to life.In order to explain our observations from deep subsurface ecosystems it is necessary to develop truly interdisciplinary approaches, ranging from microbiology and geochemistry to physics and modeling.This book aims to bring together a wide variety of topics, covering the broad range of issues that are associated with deep biosphere exploration. Not only does the book present case studies of selected projects, but also treats questions arising from our current knowledge. Despite nearly two decades of research, there are still many boundaries to exploration caused by technical limitations and one section of the book is devoted to these technical challenges and the latest developments in this field. This volume will be of high interest to biologists, chemists and earth scientists all working on the deep biosphere.
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: xvii, 325 S. : farb. Ill+ graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9783110300093
    Series Statement: Life in extreme environments 1
    Classification: D.8.
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  • 3
    Call number: ZS-090(466) ; ZSP-168-466
    In: Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: iv, 341 S.
    ISSN: 1618-3193
    Series Statement: Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 466
    Classification: D.3.
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Call number: ZSP-168-539 ; ZS-090(539)
    In: Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 123 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
    ISSN: 1618-3193
    Series Statement: Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 539
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Call number: AWI G3-18-91503
    In: Hamburger bodenkundliche Arbeiten, Band 40
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: XVIII, 153 S , Ill., graph. Darst , 21 cm
    ISSN: 0724-6382
    Series Statement: Hamburger bodenkundliche Arbeiten 40
    Language: German
    Note: Zugl.: Hamburg, Univ., FB Geowiss., Diss., 1998 , Inhaltsverzeichnis: I Zusammenfassung. - II Summary. - III Abbildungsverzeichnis. - IV Tabellenverzeichnis. - V Abkürzungsverzeichnis. - VI Glossar. - 1 Einleitung und Fragestellung. - 2 Grundlagen. - 2.1 Methan in der Natur. - 2.2 Methan als klimarelevantes Spurengas. - 2.3 Der Methankreislauf. - 2.4 Methanogene Bakterien. - 2.5 Anaerober Abbau organischer Substanz. - 2.6 Isotopieeffekte beim mikrobiellen anaeroben Abbau organischer Substanz. - 2.7 Bedeutung terrestrischer Ökosysteme für die Methanfreisetzung. - 3 Charakterisierung der Untersuchungsgebiete. - 3.1 Asseler Sand (Assel, Norddeutschland). - 3.1.1 Lage und naturräumliche Gliederung. - 3.1.2 Landschaftsgenese. - 3.1.3 Klima. - 3.1.4 Hydrologie. - 3.1.5 Vegetation und Nutzung. - 3.1.6 Böden des Untersuchungsgebietes. - 3.2 Tai-Hu-Tiefland (Suzhou, Ostchina). - 3.2.1 Lage. - 3.2.2 Landschaftsgenese. - 3.2.3 Klima. - 3.2.4 Vegetation und Nutzung. - 3.2.5 Böden des Untersuchungsgebietes. - 4 Material und Methoden. - 4.1 Bodenprofilaufnahme und Probenentnahme. - 4.2 Behandlung und Aufarbeitung des Probenmaterials. - 4.3 Bodenphysikalische Analysen. - 4.3.1 Bestimmung der Porengrößenverteilung. - 4.3.2 Bestimmung der Korngrößenverteilung. - 4.4 Bodenchemische Analysen. - 4.4.1 Kohlenstoff- und Stickstoff-Analytik. - 4.4.2 δ13C-Bestimmung. - 4.4.3 pH-Wert- und Redoxpotential-Messung. - 4.5 Bestimmung von Methanbildungsraten. - 4.5.1 Aktuelle Methanbildungsaktivität. - 4.5.2 Potentielle Methanbildungsaktivität. - 4.5.3 Temperaturoptimum der Methanbildung. - 4.5.4 Methanbildungsaktivität in Gegenwart von Sauerstoff. - 4.5.5 Methanbildungsaktivität in Abhängigkeit vom Wassergehalt. - 4.5.6 Gasanalytik (CH4, O2). - 4.6 Mikrobiologische Untersuchungen. - 4.6.1 Nährmedien. - 4.6.2 Zellzahlbestimmung. - 4.6.2.1 MPN-Methode. - 4.6.2.2 Koch'sches Plattengußverfahren. - 4.6.3 Isolierung von methanogenen Bakterien. - 4.6.3.1 Anreicherungskultur. - 4.6.3.2 Agar-Verdünnungsreihe. - 4.6.3.3 Reinheitstest. - 4.6.3.4 Kulturführung. - 4.6.4 Charakterisierung der Isolate. - 4.6.4.1 Transmissionselektronenmikroskopie. - 4.6.4.2 Substratspektrum. - 4.6.4.3 Temperaturoptimum. - 4.6.4.4 Salz- und pH-Optimum. - 4.6.4.5 16S-rRNA-Sequenzierung. - 4.7 Fraktionierung der organischen Bodensubstanz. - 4.7.1 DOC-Extraktion. - 4.7.2 Dichtefraktionierung. - 4.8 Statistische Analysen. - 5 Ergebnisse. - 5.1 Bodenmikrobiologische Standortcharakterisierung. - 5.1.1 Marschboden (Asseler Sand). - 5.1.2 Reisboden (Suzhou). - 5.2 Temperaturcharakteristika der methanogenen Flora. - 5.2.1 Temperaturoptimum. - 5.2.2 Zellzahlen methanogener Bakterien in Abhängigkeit von Temperatur und Substrat. - 5.2.3 Einfluß verschiedener Substrate auf die Methanbildung. - 5.3 Isolierung und Charakterisierung von methanogenen Bakterien. - 5.3.1 Grundlagen. - 5.3.2 Morphologische Merkmale. - 5.3.3 Physiologische Merkmale. - 5.3.4 Phylogenetische Auswertung der 16S-rRNA-Sequenzen methanogener Bakterien. - 5.4 Methanbildung in Gegenwart von Sauerstoff. - 5.4.1 Hemmung der Methanoxidation durch Acetylen. - 5.4.2 Einfluß der Begleitflora. - 5.4.3 Einfluß der Bodenart. - 5.4.4 Methanbildung bei definierten Wassergehalten. - 5.5 Charakterisierung der organischen Bodensubstanz in Hinblick auf die CH4-Bildung. - 5.5.1 Marschboden (Asseler Sand). - 5.5.1.1 Kohlenstoff- und Stickstoff-Parameter. - 5.5.1.2 Isotopenanalytische Untersuchung der organischen Bodensubstanz. - 5.5.1.3 Charakterisierung der organischen Substanz mittels Dichtefraktionierung. - 5.5.2 Reisboden (Suzhou). - 5.5.2.1 Kohlenstoff- und Stickstoff-Parameter. - 5.5.2.2 Isotopenanalytische Untersuchungen der organischen Bodensubstanz. - 5.5.2.3 Charakterisierung der organischen Substanz mittels Dichtefraktionierung. - 5.5.2.4 Methanbildungspotentiale der Dichtefraktionen. - 6 Diskussion. - 6.1 Einfluß der Temperatur auf die Methanbildung. - 6.2 Einfluß von Sauerstoff auf die Aktivität methanogener Bakterien. - 6.3 Bedeutung der organischen Bodensubstanz für die Methanogenese. - 6.4 Wechselwirkungen der untersuchten Faktoren in hydromorphen Böden und ihre Bedeutung in Hinblick auf globale Klimaveränderungen. - 7 Literaturverzeichnis. - 8 Anhang. - Danksagung.
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  • 6
    Call number: ZSP-168-716
    In: Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung, 716
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 211 Seiten , Illustrationen
    ISSN: 1866-3192
    Series Statement: Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 716
    Language: English
    Note: Contents Characterization of soil organic matter of Arctic and Antarctic by 13- C NMR and electron spin resonance spectroscopy / Evgeny Abakumov Development of phosphorus forms in soil chronosequence of the Nordenskioldbreen glacier (Svalbard) / Adel Allaberdina, Václav Tejnecký Vertical snow structures from in-situ and remote sensing measurements / Stefanie Arndt, Nicolas Stoll, Stephan Paul, Christian Haas Phenology of Calanus glacialis – comparison between Arctic and Atlantic domains and its implications for reproductive success of little auks / Kaja Balazy, Emilia Trudnowska, Katarzyna Blachowiak-Samolyk Response of southern tundra ecosystem components on aerial pollution from gas pre-treatment centers in West Siberia / Pavel A. Barsukov Soil-ecological excursions to permafrost-affected areas in West Siberia for European scientists and students / Pavel A. Barsukov, S. Platonova, S. Gizhitskaya, E. Smolentseva, N. Lashchinskiy, A. Babenko, I. Lyubechanskiy, O. Saprykin, O.Rusalimova Christian Siewert Freezing and hungry? Hydrocarbon degrading microbial communities in Barents Sea sediments around Svalbard / Bartholomäus Sven, Nontje Straaten, Daniela Zoch, Martin Krüger Biological soil crust algae in the polar regions – biodiversity, genetic diversity and ecosystem resilience under global change scenarios / Burkhard Becker, Burkhard Büdel and Ulf Karsten UDASH - Unified Database for Arctic and Subarctic Hydrography / Axel Behrendt, Hiroshi Sumata, Benjamin Rabe, Torsten Kanzow and Ursula Schauer Compound-specific radiocarbon constraints on Antarctic sediment chronologies / Sonja Berg, Sandra Jivcov, Janet Rethemeyer Environmental conditions in terrestrial East Antarctica during the last glacial - new evidence from mumiyo deposits / Sonja Berg, Martin Melles, Wolf-Dieter Hermichen, Janet Rethemeyer, Gerhard Kuhn Collection-based diatom research: collection imaging to biogeography and microevolution in the Southern Ocean / Bánk Beszteri, Stefan Pinkernell, Michael Kloster, Ute Postel, Gerhard Kauer, Uwe John, Klaus Valentin, Gernot Glöckner In vivo observations of OWA induced pH changes in the brain of polar cod Boreogadus saida / Christian Bock, Felizitas C. Wermter, Bastian Maus, Hans-O. Pörtner, Wolfgang Dreher A journey into the Triassic polar forests of Antarctica / Benjamin Bomfleur Long-term time-series of Arctic BrO derived from UV-VIS satellite remote sensing / lias Bougoudis, Anne-Marlene Blechschmidt, Andreas Richter, Sora Seo, John P. Burrows The effect of climate change on the carbon balance in microalgae / Deborah Bozzato, Torsten Jakob, Christian Wilhelm Species composition and abundance of the shallow water fish community of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard / Markus Brand, Philipp Fischer Decadal changes in a breeding population of southern giant petrels on King George Island, Antarctic, in response to human activities / Christina Braun, Jan Esefeld, Hans-Ulrich Peter Geodetic GNSS measurements to investigate the recent crustal deformation at the Antarctic Peninsula and in the Amundsen Sea Embayment, West Antarctica / Peter Busch, Mirko Scheinert, Christoph Knöfel, Lutz Eberlein, Martin Horwath, Ludwig Schröder, Andreas Groh Parameterization of snow BRDF measurements in Antarctica / T. Carlsen, G. Birnbaum, A. Ehrlich, M. Schäfer, and M. Wendisch Airborne and in situ ground-based measurements of surface albedo, bidirectional reflectivity, and snow properties on the Antarctic plateau / T. Carlsen, M. Belke Brea, G. Birnbaum, A. Ehrlich, J. Freitag, G. Heygster, L. Istomina, S. Kipfstuhl, A. Orsi, M. Schäfer, and M. Wendisch Retreats of ice sheet and ice shelf driven by warm water incursions in the Ross Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum / Zhihua Chen, Mengshan Ju, Shulan Ge, Zheng Tang, Yuanhui Huang, Renjie Zhao, Ralf Tiedemann, Lester Lembke-Jene Influence of breeze circulation on local wind climatology in Svalbard fjords / Małgorzata Cisek, Przemysław Makuch, Tomasz Petelski, Jacek Piskozub Life strategies on photobiology and metabolite profile of genetic indentical photobionts of two different lichen species / Nadine Determeyer-Wiedmann, Sieglinde Ott Land-Ocean Interactions in the late glacial Bering Sea / B. Diekmann, R. Wang, H. Kühn, R. Gersonde, R. Tiedemann, G. Kuhn Does environmental change affect polar microbial communities? / Daniel R. Dietrich Rapid glacial isostatic uplift in Patagonia: Interplay of enhanced ice mass loss and slab window tectonics / R. Dietrich, A. Richter, E. Ivins, H. Lange, L. Mendoza, L. Schröder, J.L. Hormaechea, G. Casassa, E. Marderwald, M. Fritsche, R. Perdomo, M. Horwath Phylogenomics of the longitarsal Colossendeidae: the evolution of a diverse Antarctic sea spider radiation / Lars Dietz, Jana S. Dömel, Christoph Mayer, Florian Leese Revealing the evolutionary history of Southern Ocean sea spiders using genome-wide SNP data / Jana S. Dömel, Till-Hendrik Macher, Lars Dietz, Christoph Mayer, Roland R. Melzer and Florian Leese Geothermal heat flux derived from airborne magnetic grids and measured temperature gradients in the Amundsen Sea sector of West Antarctica / Ricarda Dziadek, Karsten Gohl, Fausto Ferraccioli, Norbert Kaul, Cornelia Spiegel Sea spray aerosol fluxes in the area of the Spitsbergen Shelf and the Greenland Sea / K. Dziembor, T. Petelski, P. Markuszewski, T. Zieliński, P. Makuch, I. Wróbel More than two decades of geodetic GNSS measurements in Antarctica, Greenland and Patagonia – a technology review / Lutz Eberlein, Mirko Scheinert, Peter Busch, Christoph Knöfel, Andreas Richter Analysing the flow velocity of major outlet glaciers in North Greenland using Landsat data / Benjamin Ebermann, Ralf Rosenau, Mirko Scheinert, Martin Horwath Partitioning growing season net ecosystem exchange of CO2 into photosynthesis, autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration in the Siberian tundra / Tim Eckhardt, Christian Knoblauch, Lars Kutzbach, Gillian Simpson, Eva-Maria Pfeiffer Meteorological collaboration in the Arctic / Johanna Ekman Meteorological aspects of S.A. Andrée’s attempt to reach the North Pole by balloon in 1897 / Dieter Etling Geodetic mass balance on South Georgia glaciers / David Farias-Barahona, Christian Sommer, Thorsten Seehaus, Philipp Malz, Gino Casassa, Matthias H. Braun Frozen-Ground Cartoons: An international collaboration between artists and permafrost scientists / Michael Fritz, Frédéric Bouchard, Bethany Deshpande, Julie Malenfant-Lepage, Alexandre Nieuwendam, Michel Paquette, Ashley Rudy, Matthias Siewert, Audrey Veillette, Stefanie Weege, Jon Harbor, Otto Habeck, Ylva Sjöberg The Akademii Nauk ice core and solar activity / Diedrich Fritzsche, Luisa von Albedyll, Silke Merchel, Thomas Opel, Georg Rugel, Andreas Scharf Walther Bruns, Gründer der „Aeroarctic“ – ein vergessener Pionier der Deutschen Polarforschung / Diedrich Fritzsche Warming and reduction of precipitations affect the microbiome of recently deglaciated soils in the Swiss Alps / Aline Frossard, Johanna Donhauser, Pascal Niklaus, Thomas Rime, Beat Frey The ice-free topography of Svalbard / Johannes J. Fürst, Francisco Navarro, Fabien Gillet-Chaulet, Geir Moholdt, Xavier Fettweis, Charlotte Lang, Thorsten Seehaus, Matthias H. Braun, Douglas I. Benn, Toby J. Benham, Julian A. Dowdeswell, Mariusz Grabiec, Jack Kohler, Katrin Lindbäck, Rickard Pettersson, Heidi Sevestre Scientific Drilling in Antarctica? Coming to a new drilling proposal / Christoph Gaedicke, Gerhard Kuhn, Olaf Eisen, Andreas Läufer, Emma Smith, Nikola Koglin, Boris Biskaborn, Dieter Franke, Ralf Tiedemann German permanent research facilities in Antarctica - a 40 years record / Hartwig Gernandt Pre-glacial and glacial shelf evolution from seismic and seabed drill records of the Amundsen Sea, West Antarctica / Karsten Gohl, Gabriele Uenzelmann-Neben, Robert Larter, Johann Klages, Claus-Dieter Hillenbrand, Torsten Bickert, Steve Bohaty, Ulrich Salzmann, Thomas Frederichs, Catalina Gebhardt, Katharina Hochmuth and Expedition PS104 Science Party The Turnove
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-10-22
    Description: Traces of life are nearly ubiquitous on Earth. However, a central unresolved question is whether these traces always indicate an active microbial community or whether, in extreme environments, such as hyperarid deserts, they instead reflect just dormant or dead cells. Although microbial biomass and diversity decrease with increasing aridity in the Atacama Desert, we provide multiple lines of evidence for the presence of an at times metabolically active, microbial community in one of the driest places on Earth. We base this observation on four major lines of evidence: (i) a physico-chemical characterization of the soil habitability after an exceptional rain event, (ii) identified biomolecules indicative of potentially active cells [e.g., presence of ATP, phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs), metabolites, and enzymatic activity], (iii) measurements of in situ replication rates of genomes of uncultivated bacteria reconstructed from selected samples, and (iv) microbial community patterns specific to soil parameters and depths. We infer that the microbial populations have undergone selection and adaptation in response to their specific soil microenvironment and in particular to the degree of aridity. Collectively, our results highlight that even the hyperarid Atacama Desert can provide a habitable environment for microorganisms that allows them to become metabolically active following an episodic increase in moisture and that once it decreases, so does the activity of the microbiota. These results have implications for the prospect of life on other planets such as Mars, which has transitioned from an earlier wetter environment to todays extreme hyperaridity.
    Keywords: Life Sciences (General)
    Type: ARC-E-DAA-TN53775 , PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States); 115; 11; 2670-2675
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2015-01-13
    Description: In the context of global change, the Southern African region has to address great challenges in terms of its natural resources, in particular to cope with the impact of climate and land use change on the water balance, the soil fertility and the quantity of land suitable for common requirements. In the BMBF-funded project GeoArchives researchers from the German Research Centre for Geosciences, the Technical University of Munich and Senckenberg am Meer jointly exploit diverse Southern African archives of landscape development and climate change. The examination of these terrestrial and marine archives will provide deep insights into the climatic evolution and environmental conditions in Southern Africa during the Holocene. The highly interdisciplinary approach integrates geomorphology, soil science, sedimentology, inorganic and organic geochemistry, geomicrobiology and remote sensing. By assessing the possible impact of future climate change and land-use change on specific sensitive environments in Southern Africa we will provide future-oriented earth system management strategies with a geoscience rationale.
    Keywords: ddc:550
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 9
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    In:  System Erde ; Year: 2015 ; Volume: 5 ; Issue: 1 ; Pages: 34-39
    Publication Date: 2015-09-01
    Description: The relationship between gas hydrates, microorganisms and the surrounding sediment is extremely complex. Microorganisms can either act as producer or consumer of organic compounds. By converting organic matter microorganisms produce methane and therefore provide the prerequisite for gas hydrate formation. In natural environment clay minerals immobilize the substrates feeding the methane producing microorganisms. As a result of microbial activity gas hydrates are surrounded by a great variety of organic compounds which are not incorporated into the hydrate structure but influence the formation process. Through anaerobic metabolic activity special bacteria produce biosurfactants which were found to enhance the hydrate formation process significantly and act as nucleation centres. Another source of organic compounds is sediment organic matter (SOM) originating from plant material or animal remains which may also enhance hydrate growth. On the other hand methane is an energy source for special microbial methanotroph communities growing either aerobically or anaerobically. In sediments containing oxygen this methane will be oxidized into carbon dioxide. In the lower parts of the sediment methane originating from gas hydrates is oxidized anaerobically into bicarbonate by methanogenic archaea and sulphur reducing bacteria. In presence of dissolved calcium bicarbonate precipitates as calcium carbonate und forms carbonate crusts within the upper sediment layers of the sea floor.
    Keywords: ddc:550
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 10
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    In:  System Erde ; Year: 2015 ; Volume: 5 ; Issue: 1 ; Pages: 40-47
    Publication Date: 2015-09-01
    Description: This article provides first insights into some of the fascinating aspects of astrobiology. The central focus of this research theme is directed towards questions which have interested humans for millennia: How has life developed? Where do we come from? Are we alone in the Universe? In order to approach these questions, astrobiology brings together a variety of disciplines such as astronomy, astrophysics, biology, biochemistry, chemistry, geology, mineralogy, and cosmology. In particular, scientists are more and more interested into the biological aspects and the interactions of (micro)-organisms with their geological environment. This interest is further fueled by numerous NASA and ESA missions to Mars that have spawned new insights into Mars as a potential habitat for life. Earth analog environments, which are characterized by conditions that occur in other parts of our solar system in even more extreme forms play an important role for astrobiological research. Examples include habitats that are characterized by extreme dryness and/or coldness such as the Atacama Desert in Chile, liquid asphalt lakes in Trinidad or the permafrost areas in Siberia. Extremophilic microorganisms such as cyanobacteria and methanogenic archaea or higher organisms such as lichens and bryophytes are used as model organisms to study the limits of life under simulated extreme conditions. In recent years, an active research network has been established in the Berlin-Brandenburg region that carried out joint astrobiology and habitability studies and which among other projects is currently conducting an ESA experiment onboard the International Space Station ISS.
    Keywords: ddc:550
    Language: German
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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