Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Two females showing partial expression of X-linked chondrodysplasia punctata were identified in a family. Bone dysplasia was caused by an aberrant X chromosome that had an inverse duplication of the segment Xp21.2–Xp22.2 and a deletion of Xp22.3-Xpter. To characterise the aberrant X chromosome, dosage blots were performed on genomic DNA from a carrier using a number of X-linked probes. Anonymous sequences from Xp21.2–Xp22.2 to which probes D2, 99.61, C7, pERT87-15, and 754 bind were duplicated on the aberrant X chromosome. The proposita was heterozygous for all these markers. Dosage blots also showed that the loci for steroid sulfatase and the cell surface antigen 12E7 (MIC2) were deleted as expected from the cytogenetic results. Mouse human cell hybrids were constructed that retained the normal X in the active state. Analysis of these hybrid clones for the markers from Xp21.2–Xp22.2 revealed that all the alleles of the informative markers, present in a single dosage in the genomic DNA, were carried on the normal X chromosome of the proposita. The duplicated X chromosome therefore had two identical alleles, indicating that the aberration resulted from an intrachromosomal rearrangement.
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