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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: hypercholesterolaemia ; neomycinsulphate ; thyroxine ; serum lipoproteins ; side effects ; HDL-cholesterol
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Treatment with neomycin sulphate 1.5 g/d for 8 weeks significantly lowered total serum cholesterol by an average of 19% in 15 out of 19 patients with primary hypercholesterolaemia and LDL-cholesterol by 21%, without significantly changing the corresponding triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol concentrations. Combined treatment with neomycin sulphate 1.5 g/d and d-thyroxine 6 mg/d for 8 weeks lowered total serum cholesterol in the same patients by an average of 30%, LDL-cholesterol by 27% and serum triglycerides by 18%, without significantly changing the HDL-cholesterol concentration. Continued treatment of 10 patients with neomycin sulphate 1.5 g/d for up to 13 months did not further change the reduced serum cholesterol level. 10 of 19 patients complained of side effects after 4–8 weeks of treatment with neomycin: 8 of recurrent diarrhoea, abdominal pain or poor appetite, and 4 of acute attacks of vertigo with nystagmus. All side effects were reversed a few days after stopping the neomycin treatment. No additional serious side effects due to d-thyroxine were observed. These serious side effects of neomycin sulphate limit its use to selected high risk patients with hypercholesterolaemia, who have failed to respond successfully to other LDL-cholesterollowering drugs. They stress the necessity for frequent monitoring for the side effects described.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Three probands heterozygous for a mutant of apolipoprotein AI (apo AIMarburg, Utermann et al. 1982a) were detected by screening of 2282 unrelated individuals resulting an a frequency estimate of about 1/750 in the German population. All three probands with apo AIMarburg had hypertriglyceridemia (triglyceride above 250 mg/dl) and subnormal HDL-cholesterol (below 30 mg/dl), but no other lipoprotein abnormalities. The kindreds of two probands with AIMarburg were studied. The family data are consistent with an autosomal codominant inheritance of the trait. A total of 16 heterozygous blood relatives with the mutant AIMarburg were detected in these kindreds. Analysis of the plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels in relation to the apo AI phenotype was complicated by the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease in one kindred and of hyperlipidemia in both kindreds. No consistent relationship between plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels, and the mutant apo AI could be demonstrated. Instead the mutant apo AI and the dyslipoproteinemia seem to co-exist independently in these kindreds. Three sibs with the homozygous apo E-2/2 phenotype were detected in one kindred, and all three sibs had subnormal LDL-cholesterol and beta-VLDL, e.g., the lipoprotein abnormality characterizing primary dysbetalipoproteinemia. Genetic apo E phenotypes and the apo AI mutant segregated independently, indicating that the structural gene loci for apo E and apo AI are not closely linked.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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