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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Morphological markers ; Isozymes ; Non-inbred species ; Combined map ; JoinMap
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract A genetic map of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) integrating molecular markers with morphological and isozyme markers was constructed using a backcross population of 67 diploid potato plants. A general method for map construction is described that differs from previous methods employed in potato and other outbreeding plants. First, separate maps for the female and male parents were constructed. The female map contained 132 markers, whereas the male map contained 138 markers. Second, on the basis of the markers in common the two integrated parental maps were combined into one with the computer programme JoinMap. This combined map consisted of 175 molecular markers, 10 morphological markers and 8 isozyme markers. Ninety-two of the molecular markers were derived from DNA sequences flanking either T-DNA inserts in potato or reintegrated maize transposable elements originating from these T-DNA constructs. Clusters of distorted segregation were found on chromosomes 1,2,8 and 11 for the male parent and chromosome 5 for both parents. The total length of the combined map is 1120 cM.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words EBN ; In vitro seed culture ; Potato breeding
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Crossing experiments were conducted to introduce resistance to the root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax, from various polyploid Central American Solanum spp. into the cultivated potato, S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum. The most effort was put into producing tetraploid hybrids through inter-EBN (Endosperm Balance Number) crosses. From the crosses of tetraploid S. tuberosum (4 EBN) with tetraploid S. stoloniferum and S. fendleri (both 2 EBN), few seeds were derived that led to viable plants. In vitro culture of immature seeds also yielded several hybrid plants. From crosses of diploid S. tuberosum (2 EBN) with hexaploid S. hougasii (4 EBN) four hybrids were obtained through in vitro culture. Backcrosses were made with selected hybrids and a variable number of seeds was produced depending on the hybrid genotype. The successful introgression of resistance into backcross populations is shown. A scheme is presented for the introgression of traits at a tetraploid level from allotetraploid Solanum species into autotetraploid S. tuberosum through sexual crosses. The relevance of EBN for potato breeding is discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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