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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1181
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Es wurde eine numerische Berechnung der laminaren, freien Konvektion in gleichmäßig beheizten, teilweise oder ganz gefüllten, horizontalen Zylindern durchgeführt. Dabei wird eine Koordinatentransformation benützt, welche die Diskretisierung der Bewegungs- und der Energiegleichung vereinfacht. Das so resultierende System von partiellen Differentialgleichungen wird, zusammen mit seinen Randbedingungen, unter Verwendung einer Differenzenmethode für verschiedene Prandtl und Grashof-Zahlen sowie für zwei verschiedene Gittergrößen gelöst. Für den vollständig gefüllten Zylinder, für den experimentelle Daten verfügbar sind, wird die Strömung vorhergesagt. Dabei wird für stationäre Zustände gute Übereinstimmung zwischen Rechnung und Experiment erzielt. Dies gilt sowohl für den Verlauf der Stromlinien als auch für den der Isothermen. Das Verfahren wird weiterhin am Beispiel der Berechnung instationärer, freier Konvektion in einem partiell gefüllten, horizontalen Zylinder demonstriert, wobei eine adiabate, freie Oberfläche und gleichmäßige Beheizung der Wand angenommen sind.
    Notes: Abstract A numerical study of laminar natural convection inside uniformly heated, partially or fully filled horizontal cylinders is made. A coordinate transformation which simplifies the discretization of the equations of motion and energy is utilized. The resulting system of partial differential equations with their boundary conditions is solved using central differences for various Prandtl and Grashof numbers for two different grid sizes. The flow in completely filled cylinders for which experimental data are available is predicted. Close agreement between steady-state predictions and experiments is obtained for temperature and velocity profiles as well as for the streamline contours and isotherms. The technique is further demonstrated by solving the transient natural convection flow inside a partially filled horizontal cylinder with an adiabatic free surface and subjected to uniform wall heating.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of chemical & engineering data 10 (1965), S. 239-241 
    ISSN: 1520-5134
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of chemical & engineering data 25 (1980), S. 196-198 
    ISSN: 1520-5134
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of chemical & engineering data 25 (1980), S. 198-199 
    ISSN: 1520-5134
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1066-8527
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The loss of containment (LOC) for Pressure Liquefied Gas (PLG) vessels under accidential fire engulfment is shown to be very complex. The LOC depends upon: (i) the extent and intesity of external heating, (ii) the pressure relief device (PRD) operation and flare (if contents flammable), (iii) the fluid and fill level, (iv) the construction of the vessel, and (v) the thermohydraulic history of the commodity prior to failure.The Simple experiments described here shows that there exists a new type of more powerful failure than the BLEVE. This even we call a BLCBE, a Boiling Liquid Compressed Bubble Explosion. A hypothesis is advanced to explain this mode of failure which is supported by an initial series of small scale experiments involving Argon, water, R11, and R123.A comprehensive test program to determine the details of the BLCBE and BLEVE failure modes is indicated along with work to determine methods of protection.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Fire and Materials 15 (1991), S. 127-130 
    ISSN: 0308-0501
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The flammability and ignitability of polyethylene using antimony trihalide compounds as fire retardants was evaluated by standard methods to determine retardant effectiveness. Compared with other retardants, the antimony trihalide compounds, antimony tribromide and antimony trichloride, substantially reduced both the flammability and the ignitability of the polyethylene. The influence of retardant concentration, heat flux and type of polyethylene was also studied.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Fire technology 24 (1988), S. 360-363 
    ISSN: 1572-8099
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Fire and Materials 15 (1991), S. 37-42 
    ISSN: 0308-0501
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The fire-retardant effectiveness of mixtures of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and artimony oxide (Sb2O3) in polyethylene (PE) was examined utilizing differential thermal analysis (DTA), gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) and limited oxygen index (LOI) techniques. It was determined that the normal practice of mixing Sb2O3 with HBCD induced a synergistic chemical reaction at 250°C whose main product, SbBr3, was responsible for enhanced fire retardancy. The mixing of SbBr3 directly into the PE produces a superior fire-retardant polyethylene.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: This paper describes the use of field and zone modelling techniques in studying the behaviour of LPG tanks when subjected to accidental fire conditions. The field modelling approach is used to determine the free convective flows and heat transfer in both the vapour and the liquid regions, and also the heat transfer through the tank wall. Zone modelling techniques are employed to calculate the fire heat flux and the radiation heat transfer from the vapour wetted wall to the liquid/vapour interface. The model is verified by comparing predicted results with full scale experimental data obtained by the Health and Safety Executive, U.K.1 The comparisons indicate that the model can accurately predict the tank pressure and time to first valve opening. The model is used to investigate the effect of fire exposure level on the tank behaviour.
    Additional Material: 15 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1572-9567
    Keywords: Knudsen effect ; propane ; thermal conductivity ; thermal diffusivity ; transient line-source method
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract This paper decribes the Knudsen-effect errors of the transient line-source method used for accurate measurements of the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of fluids. The analysis demonstrates that the instrument can be used with a good accuracy (〉0.5%) to lower densities than previously thought. The principal errors are illustrated by measurements on propane in the temperature range 250–300 K at densities less than 9 kg · m−3.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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