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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The high-resolution ultraviolet spectrum of Procyon (F5 IV-V) in the range 2030-2371 A is analyzed by using BUSS VIII and IUE data. A detailed identification is performed with the synthetic spectrum method. The theoretical spectrum has been computed with a Kurucz blanketed model, and using an extended and updated version of the Kurucz and Peytremann log gf tables. The convolution of the computed spectrum with a Gaussian broadening function shows that the observations are well reproduced with a total broadening velocity (stellar plus instrumental) of 10.8 km/s. An atlas of the spectrum observed by BUSS VIII is given. The IUE and BUSS VIII observations are compared with each other, and the overlapping spectra are displayed. An estimate of the quality of the line list, of the atomic data, and of the abundances used for the computations has been derived. Elements predicted as being present in the region studied, but not observed in the visual range, are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series (ISSN 0067-0049); 61; 719-800
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: The star, Altair (A7 IV-V), is clearly shown to have Lyman-alpha emission of chromospheric origin, while no evidence is found for the Mg II emission reported in previous investigations. We present non-Local Thermodymanic Equilibrium (non-LTE) semiempirical models incorporating partial redistribution of the chromosphere of Altair that reproduce the observed Lyman-alpha emission and the Mg II resonance absorption at 2800 A. We unambiguously establihed that chromospheres exist at spectral types as early as A7 on the main sequence, and we also demonstrate that it very unlikely that the observed emission originates in a corotating expanding wind. This result represents a new challenge for chromospheric heating theories. It may indicate that both differential rotation and convection layers, at least near the equator, exist in this fast rotating (v sin i = 220 km/s) star.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: The Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 439; 2; p. 1011-1020
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series; 36; June 197
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: This paper presents the Sixth Catalogue of galactic Wolf-Rayet stars (Pop. I), a short history on the five earlier WR catalogues, improved spectral classification, finding charts, a discussion on related objects, and a review of the current status of Wolf-Rayet star research. The appendix presents a bibliography on most of the Wolf-Rayet literature published since 1867.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Space Science Reviews; 28; 3, 19; 1981
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: A dual star-tracking system and a system including a telescope, an echelle spectrograph, and a SEC vidicon are the chief components of the Balloon-borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrograph (BUSS), which has flown four successful missions. The BUSS missions have yielded 81 spectra for 56 stars, recorded with a resolution of 0.1 A in the wavelength range from 2200 to 3400 A. BUSS observations include: profiles of Mg II lines indicating considerable mass flow in early-type supergiants; Mg II features suggesting a cool expanding outer shell above a hotter chromosphere; emission features in Zeta Tau (a shell star) indicating infalling material; and emission features of the Be star Phi Per suggesting mass outflow.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 230
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Three strong asymmetric absorption features with short-wavelength wings extending 350 km/s from their respective line centers at 2061.6, 2068.2, and 2079.0 A appear in high-resolution UV spectral data (0.1 A) for the Be star Phi Per (B2 Ve4) obtained with the Balloon-borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer (BUSS) on the evening of September 16, 1976. These transitions are not resonance lines and have been identified as transitions of Fe III (UV 48) originating from a metastable state with an excitation of 5.01 eV. The relative populations of the metastable and ground states are independent of the dilution factor, allowing calculation of the mass-outflow rate for a generalized model. Thus, a mass-outflow rate of 5 hundred-billionths of a solar mass per year is obtained. These transitions are observable with IUE and represent an important tool for studying mass outflow in Be and shell stars.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 225
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Observed line-blocking factors for stars of spectral types B6 to A0 are presented which were measured on spectral tracings observed over the wavelength ranges from 2064 to 2158 A, 2496 to 2590 A, and 2775 to 2867 A with the S 59 spectrometer on the ESRO TD 1A satellite. Twenty-six stars having normal spectra were observed along with 12 stars having abnormal spectra. The results for normal and abnormal stars are compared to determine the changes in line blocking related to each type of spectral peculiarity. Detailed descriptions are given of the line-blocking factors in different spectral channels for a B8 supergiant, three Be stars, a shell star, two eclipsing binaries, an Hg-Mn star, and several peculiar B and A stars.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics; 54; 2, Ja; Jan. 197
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: Spectra obtained between 2000 and 3000 A with the Balloon Borne Ultraviolet Spectrophotometer (BUSS) payload were examined for interstellar absorption lines. In bright stars, with spectral types between O9V and F5V, such lines were measured of Mg I, Mg II, Cr II, Mn II, Fe II and Zn II, with Cr II and Zn II data of especially high quality. Column densities were derived and interstellar abundances were determined for the above species. It was found that metal depletion increases with increasing E(B-V); Fe was most affected and Zn showed a small depletion for E(B-V) greater than 0.3 towards Sco-Oph. The metal column densities, derived for Alpha-And, Kappa-Dra, Alpha-Com, Alpha-Aql, and 29 Cyg were used to infer N(H I). It was shown that the ratio of Mg I to Na I is instrumental in determining the ionization structure along each line of sight. The spectra of Aql stars confirms the presence of large gas densities near Alpha-Oph. Moreover, data indicated that the Rho-Oph N(H I) value needs to be altered to 35 x 10 to the 20th/sq cm, based on observed ion ratios and analysis of the Copernicus L-alpha profile.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361); 157; 1 Ma; 119-128
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The JSC/SRL Balloon-borne Ultraviolet Stellar Spectrometer (BUSS) comprises a 40 cm telescope, an echelle spectrograph and a SEC Vidicon detector. Operating at an altitude of 40 km this instrument provides spectra of stars with 0.1 A resolution in the 2000-3400 A region. Observations made on 19 May 1976, are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Symposium on Minor Constituents and Excited Species; Jun 08, 1976 - Jun 19, 1976; Philadelphia, PA; US|Symposium on Minor Constituents and Excited Species; Jun 09, 1976 - Jun 10, 1976
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: One of the first major results of the IUE survey of late-type stars was the discovery of a sharp division in the HR diagram between stars with solar type spectra (chromosphere and transition region lines) and those with non-solar type spectra (only chromosphere lines). This result is especially interesting in view of observational evidence for mass loss from G and K giants and super-giants discussed recently by both Reimers and Stencel. In the present paper models of both hot coronae and cool wind flows are calculated using stellar model chromospheres as starting points for stellar wind calculations in order to investigate the possibility of having a 'supersonic transition locus' in the HR diagram dividing hot coronae from cool winds. It is concluded from these models that the Lyman-alpha flux may play an important role in determining the location of a stellar wind critical point. The interaction of Lyman-alpha radiation pressure with Alfven waves in producing strong, low temperature stellar winds in the star Arcturus is investigated.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: PB80-141658 , The first year of IUE; Apr 04, 1979 - Apr 06, 1979; London
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