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  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] THE IUE was launched from the John F. Kennedy Space Center on 26 January 1978 into an eccentric geosynchronous orbit. The system is described in the previous article. The mission objectives required that the spacecraft be placed in a 24-hour orbit visible continuously from the NASA ground station ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Analysis of IUE calibration lamp images shows that variation in the temperature of the scientific instrument causes shifts in the location of the spectral format with respect to the reseau grid on the detector and in the location of the reseaux themselves. In high dispersion, a camera head amplifier temperature difference of 6C corresponds to a shift of 4 pixels in the spectral format for LWR and 2 pixels for SWP along the dispersion direction. Shifts perpendicular to the disperson (for the same temperature difference) are less than one pixel for both cameras. In low dispersion spectra, the shifts are similar but orthogonal to those described above with the larger motion lying in the direction perpendicular to the dispersion. In both dispersion modes, the observed shifts are apparently independent of wavelength. In high dispersion, the constant pixel shift mimics a constant velocity error.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: The Universe at Ultraviolet Wavelengths: The First Two Yrs. of Intern. Ultraviolet Explorer; p 811-819
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The data base of Pt-Ne emission lines used to calibrate the IUE high dispersion wavelength scales was scrutinized to improve the internal consistency of the adopted laboratory wavelength values and provide a homogeneous, documented line list, which IUE Guest Observers may use to evaluate quantitatively those Pt-Ne spectra taken to calibrate their data. After deletion of incorrect or inappropriate data in the old data base (lines with incorrect wavelength assignments; lines which are too faint, too bright, or blended; lines which fall near reseau marks, etc.) and the addition of several new entries, a total of 172 Pt-Ne lines for the SWP camera and 164 Pt-Ne lines for the LWR camera are now used for routine wavelength calibration in the high dispersion mode.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: The Universe at Ultraviolet Wavelengths: The First Two Yrs. of Intern. Ultraviolet Explorer; p 795-800
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Low dispersion, large aperture, ultraviolet spectra of selected regions in the Orion Nebula were obtained with the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) scientific instrument. Spectra obtained at 35 contiguous locations defining a mosaic within the nebula were used to generate monochromatic images of high spatial resolution at the wavelengths of the ultraviolet emission lines. Image processing techniques were utilized to generate and analyze these ultraviolet surface maps. The imagery at the three wavelengths studied shows definite differences in the spatial distribution of emission from the CII CIII and OII ions. Ways of using the imagery to determine ionization structure and C/O abundance ratios throughout the regions observed are developed, in addition to means of analyzing the extensive continuum measurements in terms of dust scattering characteristics.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center The Universe at Ultraviolet Wavelengths: The First Two Yrs. of Intern. Ultraviolet Explorer; p 601-610
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Stellar-population syntheses based on absolute spectral energy distributions over the wavelength range from 3300 to 10,400 A are used to determine the stellar content of the nuclear regions of seven nearby Sc galaxies (NGC 628, 1073, 1084, 1637, 2903, 4321, and 5194). A linear-programming procedure is employed to construct models of the overall stellar populations whose spectra closely match those of the seven galaxies. Absolute measurements of the emission-line spectra of the nuclear regions are also provided. It is found that: (1) intrinsic reddening is probably present in each nuclear region; (2) the upper main sequence is substantially populated in most of the models; (3) the lower main sequence contributes insignificantly to the luminosity in all optimal solutions; (4) substantial contributions are made by evolved M stars at long wavelengths in all the models; (5) the model photometric M/L ratios are low, of the order of unity; and (6) the O-B stars arising naturally in the population models are just sufficient to provide the observed nuclear ionization in all the galaxies except NGC 5194, which may be collisionally ionized. The properties of the nuclear regions are shown to be consistent with the existence of a common initial mass function for star formation and a variety of time dependences for the star-formation process. A possibly significant correlation is noted between nuclear stellar content and overall dynamical properties in four of the galaxies.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 210; Nov. 15
    Format: text
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Improvements are made on IUE data reduction using corrected reseau positions and dispersion constants for temperature variations and secular effects. Models describing the motion of the high dispersion spectral format as a function of THDA alone reduce the scatter in the predicted position of a given wavelength, and scatter is further reduced when a linear dependence on time is also allowed. A correction technique is presented for early data which reduces errors in wavelength assignments from over 30 km/s to less than 3 km/s in high dispersion. The reseau temperature correction helps locate the minimum background signal, centered between the echelle orders. The residual uncertainty of 2 km/s for SWP and 2.7 km/s for LWR makes the wavelength accuracy of time and temperature corrected IUE spectra comparable to that of temperature corrected data from the Copernicus satellite.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics; 107; 1, Ma; Mar. 198
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Low dispersion trailed spectra for a group of normal stars, with sample plot and flux tables, are presented. Exposure times are computed assuming 21.4 and 20.5 arcsec aperture lengths.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: ESA Ultraviolet Stellar Classification Classification; p 25-54
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Digital processing of data from the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite are used to obtain monochromatic mosaic images of the most prominent UV spectra lines at 35 locations in the central region of the Orion Nebula. The image processing techniques include calculations of the spectrograph orientation and the thermal effects, normalization for exposure time, background subtraction, correction for sensitivity variation within the IUE spectrograph aperture, correction to an absolute flux scale, sample interpolation, and display on graphic devices. The resulting UV emission line intensity maps may be used in conjunction with observations of other wavelength regions to determine the spatial distribution of ionization and abundance levels of carbon and oxygen in Orion.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Conference on Applications of Digital Image Processing to Astronomy; August 20-22, 1980; Pasadena, CA
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-27
    Description: The International Ultraviolet Explorer spectral image processing system is an on-line interactive system which provides data on the UV spectra of astronomical objects in the wavelength range 1000 to 3200 A. In operation for one year, the image processing system accepts two-dimensional images transmitted digitally from the satellite's SEC vidicon cameras. The system extracts spectral intensity as a function of wavelength and removes background, scattered light, halation and echelle effects.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 1978-10-01
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Published by Springer Nature
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