Coenocytic green alga
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The effects of 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (DCB, an agent which inhibits cellulose synthesis) and cycloheximide (CHI, a known inhibitor of protein synthesis) on the construction and stability of the cortical microtubule (MT) cytoskeleton in two kinds of protoplasts (smaller protoplasts and larger ones) prepared fromBoodlea coacta (Dickie) Murray et De Toni were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy. In smaller protoplasts which develop from released protoplasmic masses in culture media, parental cortical MTs assume a convoluted configuration, but new cortical MTs appear following disassembly of convoluted MTs. New cortical MTs initially have a random arrangement but later, a rough meridional arrangement following development of cell polarity and finally, a high density meridional arrangement. In larger protoplasts which are formed within cell wall cylinders of thalli cut at 500 μm length, longitudinally oriented parental cortical MTs are preserved. Each exhibits a curving configuration just after protoplast formation, but a straight configuration after 3 h of culture. In smaller protoplasts, cortical MT orientation changes from random to rough meridional orientation but never to a high density meridional orientation following treatment with 10 μM CHI, and MT density decreases after 12 h. However, rough meridional and high density meridional arrangements of MTs ceased to be formed and MT density decreased following treatment with 10 μM DCB. In larger protoplasts, high density meridional arrangements of MTs were noted not to be affected by treatment with CHI; instead, they continued to remain oriented meridionally, but the length and density were decreased after treatment with DCB for 3–4 h. After 10 h, the MTs became fragmented and orientation was random. From these findings it is summarized that: (1) There are no putative anchors in the plasma membrane of nascent smaller protoplasts, but the meridional orientation of cortical MTs requires anchors which may be distributed in the plasma membrane following the establishment of cell polarity. (2) Plasma membranes in larger protoplasts contain parental anchors oriented meridionally. Anchors stabilize cortical MTs via their close relation to cell walls (especially to cellulose). Anchors are detached from the plasma membrane when cellulose is not formed. (3) Cellulose regeneration may be indispensable to the formation and stabilization of the MT cytoskeleton inBoodlea.
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