PIK N 456-93-0113
Description / Table of Contents:
Contents: Preface. - Acknowledgements. - The authors. - Acronyms. - Notation. - Physical constants. - PART 1: INTRODUCTION. - 1 Introduction to climate modeling. - 2 Human components of the climate system. - PART 2: THE SCIENCE: SUBSYSTEMS AND PROCESSES. - 3 The atmosphere. - 4 The ocean circulation. - 5 Land surface. - 6 Terrestrial ecosystems. - 7 Atmospheric chemistry. - 8 Marine biogeochemistry. - PART 3: MODELING AND PARAMETERIZATION. - 9 Climate system simulation: basic numerical & computational concepts. - 10 Atmospheric general circulation modeling. - 11 Ocean general circulation modeling. - 12 Sea ice models. - 13 Land ice and climate. - 14 Biophysical models of land surface processes. - 15 Chemistry-transport models. - 16 Biogeochemical ocean models. - PART 4: COUPLINGS AND INTERACTIONS. - 17 Global coupled models: atmosphere, ocean, sea ice. - 18 Tropical pacific ENSO models: ENSO as a mode of the coupled system. - PART 5: SENSITIVITY EXPERIMENTS AND APPLICATIONS. - 19 Climate variability simulated in GCMs. - 20 Climate-model responses to increased CO2 and other greenhouse gases. - 21 Modeling large climatic changes of the past. - 22 Changes in land use. - PART 6: FUTURE PROSPECTS. - 26 Climate system modeling prospects. - References. - Index
Description / Table of Contents:
It is now widely recognized that human activities are transforming the global environment. What will be the changes in climate caused by anthropogenic influences and how do these compare with natural variations? To address these questions there is an urgent need to understand and model the global climate system effectively. A central role of climate system models will be to help determine possible impacts and help guide possible future policies. Climate System Modeling provides a thorough grounding in climate dynamics and the issues involved but also the mathematical, physical, chemical and biological basis for the component models and the sources of uncertainty, the assumptions made and approximations introduced. Climate system models go beyond climate models to include all aspects of the climate system: the atmosphere, the ocean, the cryosphere (including snow, sea ice, and glaciers), the biosphere and terrestrial ecosystems, other land surface processes and additional parts of the hydrosphere including ricers, and all the complex interactions between these components. The biogeochemical cycles in both the atmosphere and the ocean are dealt with in detail, potentially allowing the carbon cycle, for instance, to be treated with some veracity. Instead of projecting and specifying what future atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane might be, the goal of these models is to deal comprehensively with the carbon cycle and predict the future evolution of greenhouse gas concentrations, as well as the impact of those changes on the physical climate. Climate System Modeling is a comprehensive text which will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climate and the study of related topics in the earth and environmental sciences.
Type of Medium:
Monograph available for loan
XXIX, 788 S. : graph. Darst.