Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The antiarrhythmic drug tocainide (5a) and some related chiral α-amino and α-imino anilides (5b-e) were synthesized in optically active form. The antinociceptive effects of the different stereoisomers of these compounds were examined and it was found that the analgesic effect of tocainide is due only to its (-)-(R)-enantiomer. Benzyl replacement for methyl group at the stereogenic centre of tocainide causes loss of activity while both enantiomers of the αiminoxilidide 5e and of the strictly related tocainide analog 5d produce an analgesic effect without any stereoselectivity. Pharmacological tests and [3H] quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) binding assay, taken together, seem to show that the antinociceptive effect of (-)-(R)-tocainide, like the analgesia induced by lidocaine, procaine, and mexiletine, is due to a central presynaptic cholinergic mechanism of action. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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