Keywords: yeast; organic acids; wine
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Utilization of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediates, L-malic acid and succinic acid, by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus is repressed in the presence of glucose. Strains of P. tannophilus containing mutations in two hexokinases and a glucokinase were characterized for growth on glucose plus L-malic acid or succinic acid. Increased specific utilization rates of malic acid and succinic acid in the presence of glucose were observed in mutants containing a lesion in hexokinase A, an enzyme associated with catabolite repression. Such derepressed mutants may have application in winemaking in which utilization of a major grape acid, L-malic acid, is often desirable for acidity reduction.
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