Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A solid phase immunoassay for aldosterone using enhanced chemiluminescent detection has been developed. Monoclonal antibodies against aldosterone were used for the immune reaction and compared with polyclonal antibodies. Uniform Protein A coated polystyrene tubes were used as solid phase for the monoclonal antibody and second (anti-rabbit) antibody coated tubes for the polyclonal antibody. Horseradish peroxidase was covalently linked to aldosterone as enzyme label. Optimum conditions were established for the generation and measurement of the luminescent reactions using luminol, p-iodophenol as enhancer and hydrogen peroxide.The advantages of this assay are the high sensitivity with a detection limit of 100fg/tube, the prolonged luminescence signal with a simplification of the measurement (simpler detectors, external start pipetting) and the short measure time with the possibility of repeated measurement. The coefficients of variation were 4.2%-7.3% in the concentration range 140-1180 pmol/l. The assay showed a significant correlation (r = 0.91) with the ELISA.The aldosterone concentrations in plasma and saliva of patients with Conn's syndrome were significantly increased, and in patients with Addison's disease were found near the detection limit.
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