Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The nuclear magnetic relaxation of 169Tm in TmBa2Cu3O6+x (x=0.1–1.0, Δ x=0.1) and TmBa2Cu4O8 is studied at temperatures below 5 K. In all the samples, the Tm spin-lattice relaxation proceeds via intrinsic paramagnetic centers (PCs) like Cu2+ or copper-oxygen spin-polarized clusters. The experimental data for TmBa2Cu3O6+x support the idea of the structural (chemical) micro-phase separation in oxygen-deficient 123 compounds. Apparently, the samples with x⩾0.4 contain hole-poor nonsuperconducting regions, enriched with PCs, and hole-rich (PC-poor) superconducting regions. The volume fraction f n of the PC-rich phase reaches a maximum value of 0.85 at x=0.4 and decreases monotonically with increasing x (f n=0.5, 0.3, and 0.25 at x=0.5, 0.6, and 0.7, respectively). The Tm spin-lattice relaxation in the underdoped TmBa2Cu4O8 compound indicates that this sample, in contrast to oxygen-deficient TmBa2Cu3O6+x , has a homogeneous composition. However, the Tm spin-spin relaxation measurements reveal two sorts of the Tm nuclear spins in Tm124, having different NMR spectra and different relaxation times T 2. The latter result is evidence of electronic phase separation in CuO2 phases.
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