Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Exogenous diamines and polyamines added to rat hepatoma (HTC) cells in culture rapidly decrease ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. Previous evidence has suggested that these amines act either at the level of blocking new enzyme synthesis or by the induction of a non-competitive protein inhibitor, termed antizyme, which complexes with ODC to form an inactive complex. With the use of HMOA cells, a recently cloned rat hepatoma cell line that has a greatly stabilized ODC, it has been possible to demonstrate that 10-5 M of exogenous putrescine blocks the increase in ODC activity, but unlike in the parent HTC cell line, without induction of the antizyme or formation of any inactive ODC-antizyme complex. However, complete blockade of ODC at 10-2 M putrescine is effected by induction of antizyme and formation of the ODC-antizyme complex, as now evidenced by the isolation of the active enzyme and antizyme components after Sephadex column chromatography in the presence of 250 mM NaCl. These findings indicate clearly that two polyamine-regulatory mechanisms for ODC exist and are separable in this cell line.
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