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  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Analysis of 5½ years of Lageos satellite range data reveal significant residual nodal signatures: an acceleration and annual and semiannual periods. These signatures primarily reflect variations in the zonal gravitational harmonic J2 coefficient and hence the polar moment of ...
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The VLBI data, analysed at the National Geodetic Survey (NGS), were obtained in the MERIT short campaign and from the NGS's project POLARIS3. The MERIT data, collected during two 1-week observing sessions in September and October 1980, resulted from observations of up to five antennas operating ...
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A complete numerical simulation and error analysis was performed for the proposed experiment with the objective of establishing an accurate assessment of the feasibility and the potential accuracy of the measurement of the Lense-Thirring precession. Consideration was given to identifying the error sources which limit the accuracy of the experiment and proposing procedures for eliminating or reducing the effect of these errors. Analytic investigations were conducted to study the effects of major error sources with the objective of providing error bounds on the experiment. The analysis of realistic simulated data is used to demonstrate that satellite laser ranging of two Lageos satellites, orbiting with supplemental inclinations, collected for a period of 3 years or more, can be used to verify the Lense-Thirring precession. A comprehensive covariance analysis for the solution was also developed.
    Keywords: ASTRODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.26:186945 , NASA-CR-186945 , CSR-89-3
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: If the geoid and the satellite position are known accurately, satellite altimetry can be used to determine the geostrophic velocity of the surface ocean currents. The purpose of this investigation is to simultaneously estimate the sea surface topography, zeta, the model for the gravity field, and the satellite orbit. Satellite tracking data from fourteen satellites were used; along with Seasat and Geosat altimeter data as well as surface gravity data for the solution. The estimated model of zeta compares well at long wavelengths with the hydrographic model of zeta. Covariance studies show that the geoid is separable from zeta up to degree 9, at which point geoid error becomes comparable to the signal of zeta.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Ohio State Univ., Progress in the Determination of the Earth's Gravity Field; p 142-145
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Linear estimation theory, along with a new technique to compute relative data weights, was applied to the determination of the Earth's geopotential field and other geophysical model parameters using a combination of satellite ground-based tracking data, satellite altimetry data, and the surface gravimetry data. The relative data weights for the inhomogeneous data sets are estimated simultaneously with the gravity field and other geophysical and orbit parameters in a least squares approach to produce the University of Texas gravity field models. New techniques to perform calibration of the formal covariance matrix for the geopotential solution were developed to obtain a reliable gravity field error estimate. Different techniques, which include orbit residual analysis, surface gravity anomaly residual analysis, subset gravity solution comparisons and consider covariance analysis, were applied to investigate the reliability of the calibration.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Ohio State Univ., Progress in the Determination of the Earth's Gravity Field; p 15-18
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The goal of using an orbital gradiometer mission to provide an accurate (1 to 2 mgal), high resolution (1 by 1 deg), global map of the earth's geopotential is currently being investigated. This investigation involves the simulation of the satellite ephemeris and the corresponding gradiometer measurements which can be used in the study of various techniques and methodologies that were proposed to recover the parameters used in modeling the geopotential. Also, the effects on the mission of various time varying forces acting on the spacecraft were included in the studies.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Ohio State Univ., Progress in the Determination of the Earth's Gravity Field; p 176-179
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The use of two Class 2/fixed mesh/fixed order/multistep integration packages of the PECE type for the numerical integration of the second order, nonlinear, ordinary differential equation of the satellite orbit problem. These two methods are referred to as the general and the second sum formulations. The derivation of the basic equations which characterize each formulation and the role of the basic equations in the PECE algorithm are discussed. Possible starting procedures are examined which may be used to supply the initial set of values required by the fixed mesh/multistep integrators. The results of the general and second sum integrators are compared to the results of various fixed step and variable step integrators.
    Keywords: ASTRODYNAMICS
    Type: IASOM-81-1 , NASA-CR-164193
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Special orbit determination algorithms were developed to accommodate the size and speed limitations of on-board computer systems of the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System. The algorithms use square root sequential filtering methods. A new method for the time update of the square root covariance matrix was also developed. In addition, the time update method was compared with another square root convariance propagation method to determine relative performance characteristics. Comparisions were based on the results of computer simulations of the LANDSAT-D satellite processing pseudo range and pseudo range-rate measurements from the phase one GPS. A summary of the comparison results is presented.
    Keywords: AIRCRAFT COMMUNICATIONS AND NAVIGATION
    Type: NASA-CR-162635
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An improved model for the Earth's gravity field, TEG-1, was determined using data sets from fourteen satellites, spanning the inclination ranges from 15 to 115 deg, and global surface gravity anomaly data. The satellite measurements include laser ranging data, Doppler range-rate data, and satellite-to-ocean radar altimeter data measurements, which include the direct height measurement and the differenced measurements at ground track crossings (crossover measurements). Also determined was another gravity field model, TEG-1S, which included all the data sets in TEG-1 with the exception of direct altimeter data. The effort has included an intense scrutiny of the gravity field solution methodology. The estimated parameters included geopotential coefficients complete to degree and order 50 with selected higher order coefficients, ocean and solid Earth tide parameters, Doppler tracking station coordinates and the quasi-stationary sea surface topography. Extensive error analysis and calibration of the formal covariance matrix indicate that the gravity field model is a significant improvement over previous models and can be used for general applications in geodesy.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Ohio State Univ., Progress in the Determination of the Earth's Gravity Field; p 8-11
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The investigation is aimed at establishing a series of simple models which can be used to study the forces and moments which occur due to the reaction control system (RCS) jet plume firings during a deployment or retrieval of an IUS type payload. The models considered in this investigation are primarily planar in nature. In this study primary attention is given to the roles the payload play in determining the overall moments on the remote manipulator system arm.
    Keywords: MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT
    Type: NASA-CR-151881
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