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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The impact histories on chondrite parent bodies can be deduced from thermochronologic analyses of materials and isotope systems with distinct apparent closure temperatures. It is especially critical to better understand the geological histories and physical properties of potenally hazardous near-Earth asteroids. Chelyabinsk is an LL5 chondrite meteorite that was dispersed over a wide area tens of kilometers south of the town of Chelyabinsk, Russia by an explosion at an altitude of 27 km at 3:22 UT on 15 Feb 2013 [1,2]. The explosion resulted in significant damage to surrounding areas and over 1500 injuries along with meteorite fragments being spread over a wide area [1].
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: JSC-CN-30298 , Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; 17-21 Mar. 2014; The Woodlands, TX; United States
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: The I-Xe system, based on the decay of 15.7 Ma I-129, is a potentially precise chronometer of early solar system events. However, it is not known how the system responded to thermal events during the post-formation histories of ordinary chondrites, severely limiting the usefulness of this system. Isothermal experiments on Bjurbole for different heating durations suggest that at least three domains are responsible for the thermal release of radiogenic Xe-129 (Xe*-129) and that the system may be less susceptible to thermal resetting than some calculations indicated. Two scenarios for the release of Xe*-129 were proposed. In one, the mobility of Xe*-129 is governed by diffusion in mineral grains. This leads to predicted closure temperatures comparable to, or less than, metamorphic temperatures. In the second, mineral grains that solidified at specific temperatures trapped I-129 within them, and the resulting Xe*-129 is only released when those minerals melt, such that isotopic closure occurs at the temperature of solidification.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F; p 225-226
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  • 3
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: The Rb-Sr analyses of some lunar samples which indicate that the Moon is close to the age of primitive meteorites are only reliable to within about 100 m.y. A potentially more precise chronometer is the I-Pu-Xe system. I129 has a 17 m.y. halflife and decays to Xe129; Pu244, with an 82 m.y. halflife, produces Xe131 to Xe136 in fission. The I129/Pu244 ratio has a halflife of 21 m.y. Xenon retention for the Earth could have begun as late as the event that gave birth to the Moon. For the Moon, it is hard to imagine that xenon retention could have begun before re-accretion of the fissioned (and initially dispersed?) material, particularly if that material got hot enough to account for the depletion of the volatile elements. Thus, if fission model are correct, xenon retention in the Earth certainly began no later than in the Moon, and possibly began earlier. Therefore, the I-Pu-Xe system is only marginally consistent with a fission origin. If further study confirms that the I/U ratio of the Moon is .01 or less, or if gas-rich lunar highland breccias with higher ratios of I129 to Pu244 are found, it would be difficult to explain the results in an earth-fission model of lunar origin.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar Planetary Inst. Conf. on the Origin of the Moon; p 24
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Noble gas analysis of Martian samples can provide answers to a number of crucial questions. Some of the most obvious benefits will be in Martian chronology, using techniques that have been applied to lunar samples. However, these are by no means the only relevant noble gas studies possible. Since Mars has a substantial atmosphere, noble gases can be used to study the origin and evolution of that atmosphere, including the degassing history of the planet. This type of study can provide constraints on: (1) the total noble gas inventory of the planet, (2) the number of noble gas reservoirs existing, and (3) the exchange of gases between these reservoirs. How to achieve these goals are examined.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on Mars Sample Return Science; p 164
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2017-10-02
    Description: Graphitic smokes were condensed in noble gas atmospheres and analyzed for xenon. Results show trapping of amounts greater than found in chondritic carbonaceous residues. Sites saturated at low pressures. No mass-dependent fractionation was observed.
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI; LPI-Contrib-1000
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The amounts of neon-21 found in meteorite particles indicate that the Sun experienced a period of intense solar flare activity approximately 4.5 billion years ago.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst. 16th Lunar and Planetary Sci. Conf.; p 6-8
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2017-10-02
    Description: As our knowledge of the planet Mars continues to grow, one parameter that remains elusive is the absolute chronology of the planet s geological history. Although crater counts have provided a robust relative chronology, impactor fluxes are poorly enough known that there are places on Mars where the absolute age is uncertain by a factor of two or more. To resolve these uncertainties, it will be necessary to either analyze well-documented samples returned to the Earth from the Martian surface or to perform in situ measurements with sufficient precision. Sample return is still at least a decade away, and even then it might be from a biologically interesting area that might be geologically complex. Hence an in situ measurement, within an uncertainty of 20% or better, could greatly improve our knowledge of the history of Mars. With funding from the Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program (PIDDP), we have been working on an instrument to perform potassium-argon (K-Ar) and cosmic-ray exposure (CRE) dating in situ on the surface of Mars. For either of these techniques, it is necessary to measure the abundance of one or more major or minor elements (K in the case of KAr; all majors and minors in the case of CRE) and the abundance and isotopes composition of a noble gas (Ar in the case of K-Ar; He, Ne and Ar for CRE dating). The technology for either of these types of measurements exists, but has never before been integrated for a spacecraft. We refer to the instrument as AGE, the Argon Geochronology Experiment (although we will measure the noble gases He and Ne as well for CRE ages). We report here on the basic components that go into such an instrument, both those that use existing technology and those that had to be developed to create the integrated package.
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV; LPI-Contrib-1156
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Two recent studies have shown that solar flare irradiated grains from Murchison and Kapoeta have excess spallogenic Ne-21 compared to unirradiated grains, indicating large precompaction particle irradiation effects. The quantity of cosmogenic neon in these grains presents serious difficulties for either galactic cosmic ray or normal solar flare sources. In the first study it was suggested that the effect might be the result of exposure to an early active sun. The more recent experiment both confirms the earlier results and provides constraints on the characteristic energy spectrum on the irradiation. The first results were obtained from Murchison olivines and Kapoeta pyroxenes by mass spectrometric analysis of sets of grains selected on the basis of the presence or absence of solar flare particle tracks. In the second work plagioclase feldspar grains from Kapoeta were studied.
    Keywords: SOLAR PHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst. Workshop on Cosmogenic Nuclides; 2 p
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Isotopic analysis of neon from individual grains of the meteorites Murchison (CM) and Kapoeta (howardite) shows large enrichments of cosmogenic neon in grains with solar flare tracks. The quantity of this component is incompatible with galactic cosmic ray or solar cosmic ray irradiation under present conditions and is attributed to irradiation by energetic flares from an early active Sun. Handpicked grains from each meteorite were grouped according to the presence or absence of solar flare heavy ion tracks, and these four samples were analyzed with an ion counting noble gas mass spectrometer.
    Keywords: SOLAR PHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst. Workshop on Past and Present Solar Radiation: The Record in Meteoritic and Lunar Regolith Material; p 24
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2004-12-03
    Description: The absolute chronology of Martian rocks and events is based mainly on crater statistics and remains highly uncertain. Martian chronology will be critical to building a time scale comparable to Earth's to address questions about the early evolution of the planets and their ecosystems. In order to address issues and strategies specific to Martian chronology, a workshop was held, 4-7 June 2000, with invited participants from the planetary, geochronology, geochemistry, and astrobiology communities. The workshop focused on identifying: a) key scientific questions of Martian chronology; b) chronological techniques applicable to Mars; c) unique processes on Mars that could be exploited to obtain rates, fluxes, ages; and d) sampling issues for these techniques. This is an overview of the workshop findings and recommendations.
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: Concepts and Approaches for Mars Exploration; Part 1; 96-97; LPI-Contrib-1062
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