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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A wind tunnel investigation was conducted to determine the local inlet flow field characteristics of an advanced tactical supersonic cruise airplane. A data base for the development and validation of analytical codes directed at the analysis of inlet flow fields for advanced supersonic airplanes was established. Testing was conducted at the NASA-Langley 16-foot Transonic Tunnel at freestream Mach numbers of 0.6 to 1.20 and angles of attack from 0.0 to 10.0 degrees. Inlet flow field surveys were made at locations representative of wing (upper and lower surface) and forebody mounted inlet concepts. Results are presented in the form of local inlet flow field angle of attack, sideflow angle, and Mach number contours. Wing surface pressure distributions supplement the flow field data.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.26:172239 , D180-27738-1 , NASA-CR-172239
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Flow turning parameters, static pressures, surface temperatures, surface fluctuating pressures and acceleration levels were measured in the environment of a full-scale upper surface blowing (USB) propulsive lift test configuration. The test components included a flightworthy CF6-50D engine, nacelle, and USB flap assembly utilized in conjunction with ground verification testing of the USAF YC-14 Advanced Medium STOL Transport propulsion system. Results, based on a preliminary analysis of the data, generally show reasonable agreement with predicted levels based on model data. However, additional detailed analysis is required to confirm the preliminary evaluation, to help delineate certain discrepancies with model data, and to establish a basis for future flight test comparisons.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA. Langley Res. Center Powered-Lift Aerodyn. and Acoustics; p 479-496
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Attention is given to the NASA Langley Research Center's testing of a 10.5 percent-scale supersonic cruiser (supercruiser) aircraft model in its V/STOL wind tunnel, in order to investigate the low speed aerodynamic characteristics of STOL enhancement devices. The STOL devices employed by the supercruiser configuration are high vector angle ramp nozzles, working in conjunction with a remote augmented lift system (RALS), in addition to a canard trim system. Also investigated were thrust reverser/ground plane interaction effects, for the evaluation of landing characteristics. It is noted that STOL approach thrust management requires the use of a partially reversing RALS nozzle which develops approximately 31 percent of main nozzle thrust, and that strong nose-up interactions during ground roll, with reverser operation, may limit dry power engine thrust for braking assistance to about 50 percent of maximum dry power.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 83-1224
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2012-05-22
    Description: Projected future conditions at large urban airports were used to identify design objectives for a long-haul, advanced transport airplane introduced for operation in the mid-1980s. Operating constraints associated with airport congestion and aircraft noise and emissions were of central interest. In addition, some of the interaction of these constraints with aircraft fuel usage were identified. The study allowed for advanced aircraft design features consistent with the future operating period. A baseline 200 passenger airplane design was modified to comply with design requirements imposed by terminal area constraints. Specific design changes included: (1) modification of engine arrangement; wing planform; (2) drag and spoiler surfaces; (3) secondary power systems; (4) brake and landing gear characteristics; and (5) the aircraft avionics. These changes, based on exploratory design estimates and allowing for technology advance, were judged to enable the airplane to: reduce wake turbulence; handle steeper descent paths with fewer limitation due to engine characteristics; reduce runway occupancy times; improve community noise contours; and reduce the total engine emittants deposited in the terminal area. The penalties to airplane performance and operating cost associated with improving the terminal area characteristics of the airplane were assessed. Finally, key research problems requiring solution in order to validate the assumed advanced airplane technology were identified.
    Keywords: AIRCRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
    Type: AGARD Take-off and Landing; 14 p
    Format: text
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Flow turning parameters, static pressures, surface temperatures, surface fluctuating pressures and acceleration levels were measured in the environment of a full-scale upper surface blowing (USB) propulsive-lift test configuration. The test components included a flightworthy CF6-50D engine, nacelle and USB flap assembly utilized in conjunction with ground verification testing of the USAF YC-14 Advanced Medium STOL Transport propulsion system. Results, based on a preliminary analysis of the data, generally show reasonable agreement with predicted levels based on model data. However, additional detailed analysis is required to confirm the preliminary evaluation, to help delineate certain discrepancies with model data and to establish a basis for future flight test comparisons.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 76-624 , Propulsion Conference; July 26-29, 1976; Palo Alto, CA
    Format: text
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: An initial design study of high-transonic-speed transport aircraft has been completed. Five different design concepts were developed. These included fixed swept wing, variable-sweep wing, delta wing, double-fuselage yawed-wing, and single-fuselage yawed-wing aircraft. The boomless supersonic design objectives of range=5560 Km (3000 nmi), payload-18 143 kg (40 000lb), Mach=1.2, and FAR Part 36 aircraft noise levels were achieved by the single-fuselage yawed-wing configuration with a gross weight of 211 828 Kg (467 000 lb). A noise level of 15 EPNdB below FAR Part 36 requirements was obtained with a gross weight increase to 226 796 Kg (500 000 lb). Although wing aeroelastic divergence was a primary design consideration for the yawed-wing concepts, the graphite-epoxy wings of this study were designed by critical gust and maneuver loads rather than by divergence requirements. The transonic nacelle drag is shown to be very sensitive to the nacelle installation. A six-degree-of-freedom dynamic stability analysis indicated that the control coordination and stability augmentation system would require more development than for a symmetrical airplane but is entirely feasible. A three-phase development plan is recommended to establish the full potential of the yawed-wing concept.
    Keywords: AIRCRAFT
    Type: NASA-CR-114658
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Results are given of several analytical studies of nacelles suitable for advanced subsonic commercial transport aircraft. The impact on the nacelle of reduced aircraft noise and increased cruise Mach number is emphasized and initially developed in terms of the individual nacelle components: inlet, fan cowl, nozzle, etc. This is achieved by relating the noise and cruise speed constraints to which the aircraft system must be designed to specific limitations on the individual nacelle components. Performance assessments are then made (separately for each nacelle component) of competitive design concepts. Overall nacelle designs, synthesized on the basis of the individual component studies, are briefly discussed.
    Keywords: PROPULSION SYSTEMS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 72-1204 , Joint Propulsion Specialist Conference; Nov. 29-Dec. 1, 1972; New Orleans, LA; US
    Format: text
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