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  • 1
    Call number: AWI G6-95-0056 ; M 10.0466
    Description / Table of Contents: The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to the chemistry of the solid-water interface. Of primary interest are the important interfaces in natural systems, above all in geochemistry, in natural waters, soils, and sediments. The processes occurring at mineral-water, particle-water, and organism-water interfaces play critical roles in regulating the composition and the ecology of oceans and fresh waters, in the development of soils and the supply of plant nutrients, in preserving the integrity of waste repositories, and in technical application such as in water technology and in corrosion science. This book is a teaching book; it progresses from the simple to the more complex and applied. It is addressed to students and researchers (chemists, geochemists, oceanographers, limnologists, soil scientists and environmental engineers). Rather than providing descriptive data, this book tries to stress surface chemical principles that can be applied in the geochemistry of natural waters, soils, and sediments, and in water technology.
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: X, 428 S. : graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 0471576727
    Series Statement: A Wiley-Interscience Publications
    Classification: D.7.
    Location: Upper compact magazine
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    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    New York [u.a.] : Wiley
    Call number: M 93.0850
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: xiv, 780 S.
    Edition: 2nd ed.
    ISBN: 0471091731
    Classification: A.3.8.
    Language: English
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    New York [u.a.] : Wiley
    Call number: M 93.0238
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XIV, 780 S. : graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 0471048313
    Language: English
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 4
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Zürich : Verl. der Fachvereine
    Call number: 17/M 98.0102
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XIII, 498 S.
    Edition: 4., durchges. Aufl.
    ISBN: 3728121657
    Classification: A.3.8.
    Language: German
    Location: Reading room
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  • 5
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Cambridge, USA : Wiley
    Call number: AWI G6-99-0107
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 434 S : graph. Abb. ; 30 cm
    ISBN: 0471882615
    Series Statement: Environmental science and technology
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 6
    Call number: AWI G6-96-0056
    In: Physical and chemical sciences research report
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 346 S. : Abb. ; 30 cm
    ISBN: 3820012079
    Series Statement: Physical and chemical sciences research report 2
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 7
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Stuttgart : Teubner
    Call number: AWI G2-92-0158
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XII, 331 S. : graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 3519036509
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 8
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    New York [u.a.] : Wiley
    Call number: AWI G6-99-0128 ; PIK N 076-02-0063
    Description / Table of Contents: Now in its updated and expanded third edition, Aquatic chemistry remains the classic resource on the essential concepts of natural water chemistry. Designed for both self-study and classroom use, this book builds a solid foundation in the general principles of natural water chemistry and then proceeds to a thorough treatment of more advanced topics. Key principles are illustrated with a wide range of quantitative models, examples, and problem-solving methods. Major subjects covered include: chemical thermodynamics and kinetics; acids and bases; dissolved carbon dioxide; atmosphere-water interactions; metal ions in aqueous solution; precipitation and dissolution; oxidation and reduction; equilibria and microbial mediation; solid-solution interface; trace metals; kinetics of redox processes; photochemical processes; kinetics at the solid-water interface; particle-particle interaction; regulation of the chemical composition of natural waters.
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XVI, 1022 S. : graph. Darst.
    Edition: 3. ed.
    ISBN: 0471511854
    Series Statement: Environmental Science and Technology
    Note: CONTENTS: 1. Introduction. - 1.1 Scope of Aquatic Chemistry. - 1.2 The Solvent Water. - 1.3 Solute Species. - Suggested Readings. - Appendix 1.1: Some Useful Quantities, Units, Conversion Factors, Constants, and Relationships. - 2. Chemical Thermodynamics and Kinetics. - 2.1 Introduction. - 2.2 Chemical Thermodynamic Principles. - 2.3 Systems of Variable Composition: Chemical Thermodynamics. - 2.4 Gibbs Energy and Systems of Variable Chemical Composition. - 2.5 Chemical Potentials of Pure Phases and Solutions. - 2.6 Chemical Potentials of Aqueous Electrolytes. - 2.7 The Equilibrium Constant. - 2.8 The Gibbs Energy of a System. - 2.9 Driving Force for Chemical Reactions. - 2.10 Temperature and Pressure Effects on Equilibrium. - 2.11 Equilibrium Tools. - 2.12 Kinetics and Thermodynamics: Time and Reaction Advancement. - 2.13 Rate and Mechanism. - 2.14 Concentration Versus Time. - 2.15 Theory of Elementary Processes. - 2.16 Elementary Reactions and ACT. - 2.17 Equilibrium Versus Steady State in Flow Systems. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - 3. Acids and Bases. - 3.1 Introduction. - 3.2 The Nature of Acids and Bases. - 3.3 The Strength of an Acid or Base. - 3.4 Activity and pH Scales. - 3.5 Equilibrium Calculations. - 3.6 pH as a Master Variable; Equilibrium Calculations Using a Graphical Approach. - 3.7 Ionization Fractions of Acids, Bases, and Ampholytes. - 3.8 Titration of Acids and Bases. - 3.9 Buffer Intensity and Neutralizing Capacity. - 3.10 Organic Acids. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - 4. Dissolved Carbon Dioxide. - 4.1 Introduction. - 4.2 Dissolved Carbonate Equilibria (Closed System). - 4.3 Aqueous Carbonate System Open to the Atmosphere. - 4.4 Alkalinity and Acidity, Neutralizing Capacities. - 4.5 Alkalinity Changes. - 4.6 Analytical Considerations: Gran Plots. - 4.7 Equilibrium with Solid Carbonates. - 4.8 Kinetic Considerations. - 4.9 Carbon Isotopes and Isotope Fractionation. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - 5. Atmosphere-Water Interactions. - 5.1 Introduction. - 5.2 Anthropogenic Generation of Acidity in the Atmosphere. - 5.3 Gas-Water Partitioning: Henry's Law. - 5.4 Gas-Water Equilibria in Closed and Open Systems. - 5.5 Washout of Pollutants from the Atmosphere. - 5.6 Fog. - 5.7 Aerosols . - 5.8 Acid Rain - Acid Lakes. - 5.9 The Volatility of Organic Substances. - 5.10 Gas Transfer Across Water-Gas Interface. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - 6. Metal Ions in Aqueous Solution: Aspects of Coordination Chemistry. - 6.1 Introduction. - 6.2 Protons and Metal Ions. - 6.3 Hydrolysis of Metal Ions. - 6.4 Solubility and Hydrolysis: Solid Hydroxides and Metal Oxides. - 6.5 Chelates. - 6.6 Metal Ions and Ligands: Classification of Metals. - 6.7 Speciation in Fresh Waters. - 6.8 Seawater Speciation. - 6.9 Kinetics of Complex Formation. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - Appendix 6.1: Stability Constants. - Appendix 6.2: The Various Scales for Equilibrium Constants, Activity Coefficients, and pH. - 7. Precipitation and Dissolution. - 7.1 Introduction. - 7.2 The Solubility of Oxides and Hydroxides. - 7.3 Complex Formation and Solubility of (Hydr)oxides. - 7.4 Carbonates. - 7.5 The Stability of Hydroxides, Carbonates, and Hydroxide Carbonates. - 7.6 Sulfides and Phosphates. - 7.7 The Phase Rule: Components, Phases, and Degrees of Freedom. - 7.8 Solubility of Fine Particles. - 7.9 Solid Solutions. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - 8. Oxidation and Reduction; Equilibria and Microbial Mediation. - 8.1 Introduction. - 8.2 Redox Equilibria and the Electron Activity. - 8.3 The Electrode Potential: The Nernst Equation and the Electrochemical Cell. - 8.4 p[Epsilon]-pH, Potential-pH Diagrams. - 8.5 Redox Conditions in Natural Waters. - 8.6 Effect of Complex Formers on the Redox Potential. - 8.7 Measuring the Redox Potential in Natural Waters. - 8.8 The Potentiometric Determination of Individual Solutes. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Answers to Problems. - Appendix 8.1: Activity Ratio Diagrams for Redox Systems. - 9. The Solid-Solution Interface. - 9.1 Introduction. - 9.2 Adsorption. - 9.3 Adsorption Isotherms. - 9.4 Hydrous Oxide Surfaces; Reactions with H+, OH-, Metal Ions, and Ligands. - 9.5 Surface Charge and the Electric Double Layer. - 9.6 Correcting Surface Complex Formation Constants for Surface Charge. - 9.7 Sorption of Hydrophobic Substances on Organic Carbon-Bearing Particles. - 9.8 Ion Exchange. - 9.9 Transport of (Ad)sorbable Constituents in Groundwater and Soil Systems. - Suggested Readings. - Problems. - Appendix 9.1: The Gouy-Chapman Theory. - Appendix 9.2: Contact Angle, Adhesion and Cohesion, the Oil-Water Interface. - 10. Trace Metals: Cycling, Regulation, and Biological Role. - 10.1 Introduction: Global Cycling of Metals. - 10.2 Analytical Approaches to Chemical Speciation. - 10.3 Classification of Metal Ions and the Inorganic Chemistry of Life. - 10.4 Organometallic and Organometalloidal Compounds. - 10.5 Bioavailability and Toxicity. - 10.6 Metal Ions as Micronutrients. - 10.7 The Interaction of Trace Metals with Phytoplankton at the Molecular Level. - 10.8 Regulation of Trace Elements by the Solid-Water Interface in Surface Waters. - 10.9 Regulation of Dissolved Heavy Metals in Rivers, Lakes, and Oceans. - 10.10 Quality Criteria in Fresh Waters: Some Aspects. - Suggested Readings. - 11. Kinetics of Redox Processes. - 11 1 Introduction. - 11.2 How Good an Oxidant Is O2?. - 11.3 Can p[Epsilon] Be Defined for a Nonequilibrium System?. - 11.4 Kinetics of Redox Processes: Case Studies. - 11.5 Oxidants Used in Water and Waste Technology: A Few Case Studies. - 11.6 Linear Free Energy Relations (LFERs). - 11.7 The Marcus Theory of Outer-Sphere Electron Transfer: An Introduction. - 11.8 Nucleophile-Electrophile Interactions and Redox Reactions Involving Organic Substances. - 11.9 Corrosion of Metals as an Electrochemical Process. - Suggested Readings. - 12. Photochemical Processes. - 12.1 Introduction. - 12.2 Absorption of Light. - 12.3 Photoreactants. - 12.4 Photoredox Reactions: Photolysis of Transition Metal Complexes. - 12.5 Photochemical Reactions in Atmospheric Waters: Role of Dissolved Iron Species. - 12.6 Heterogeneous Photochemistry. - 12.7 Semiconducting Minerals. - Suggested Readings. - 13. Kinetics at the Solid-Water Interface: Adsorption, Dissolution of Minerals, Nucleation, and Crystal Growth. - 13.1 Introduction. - 13.2 Kinetics of Adsorption. - 13.3 Surface-Controlled Dissolution of Oxide Minerals: An Introduction to Weathering. - 13.4 Simple Rate Laws in Dissolution. - 13.5 Rates of CaCO3 Dissolution (and of CaCO3 Crystal Growth). - 13.6 Inhibition of Dissolution. - 13.7 Nucleation and Crystal Growth. - Suggested Readings. - 14. Particle-Particle Interaction: Colloids, Coagulation, and Filtration. - 14.1 Colloids. - 14.2 Particle Size Distribution. - 14.3 Surface Charge of Colloids. - 14.4 Colloid Stability: Qualitative Considerations. - 14.5 Effects of Surface Speciation on Colloid Stability. - 14.6 Some Water-Technological Considerations in Coagulation, Filtration, and Flotation. - 14.7 Filtration Compared with Coagulation. - 14.8 Transport in Aggregation and Deposition. - Suggested Readings. - Appendix 14.1: A Physical Model (DLVO) for Colloid Stability. - 15. Regulation of the Chemical Composition of Natural Waters. - 15.1 Introduction. - 15.2 Weathering and the Proton Balance. - 15.3 Isothermal Evaporation. - 15.4 Buffering. - 15.5 Interactions Between Organisms and Abiotic Environment: Redfield Stoichiometry. - 15.6 The Oceans: Relative Constancy of the Composition and Chemical Equilibria. - 15.7 Constancy of Composition: Steady State. - 15.8 Hydrothermal Vents. - 15.9 The Sediment-Water Interface. - 15.10 Biological Regulation of the Composition. - 15.11 Global Cycling: The Interdependence of Biogeochemical Cycles. - 15.12 The Carbon Cycle. - 15.13 Nitrogen Cycles:
    Location: AWI Reading room
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  • 9
    Call number: 95.0359
    Pages: XIII, 498 S.
    Edition: 3., vollst. überarb. und erw. Aufl.
    ISBN: 3519236516
    Classification: A.3.8.
    Language: German
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Aquatic sciences 55 (1993), S. 103-111 
    ISSN: 1420-9055
    Keywords: iron(III) (hydr)oxide ; fulvic acid ; iron redox cycling ; dissolution ; surface reactivity ; kinetics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The kinetics of conversion of iron(III) (hydr)oxides to ferrous iron mediated by fulvic acid have been investigated in order to improve the understanding of the redox cycling of iron at the oxic-anoxic boundary in natural waters. Under the conditions similar to natural waters, fulvic acid is able to reduce the iron(III) (hydr)oxide. The kinetics of the reaction depend on the reactivity of iron(III) (hydr)oxides and the reducing power of the fulvic acid. The rate of reaction is 60 nm/h obtained under following conditions: total concentration of Fe(III) 1.0 × 10−4 M, pH 7.5, fulvic acid 5 mg/L. The rate is considered as a net result of reduction and oxidation in the 〉 FeIII-OH/Fe(II) “wheel” coupled with fulvic acid. In a real natural water system, reductants other than fulvic acid may be of importance. The results obtained in the laboratory, however, provide evidence that the Fe(OH)3(s)/Fe(II) redox couple is able to act as an electron-transfer mediator for the oxidation of natural organic substances, such as fulvic acid by molecular oxygen either in the absence of microorganisms or as a supplement to microbial activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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