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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Results from the application of VSAERO, a low-order panel method, to three practical aircraft configurations are presented. The Grumman 698-411 tilt-nacelle V/STOL model is analyzed with particular emphasis on the inlet pressures and the nacelle/fuselage interference effects. Excellent correlation with experiment is reported for the inlet pressure ratio and the inlet operational boundaries. Analysis of an inlet designed for a tilt-rotor/nacelle aircraft is presented. The code was used in a design environment for this configuration to determine an inlet geometry that maintained attached flow for three design flight conditions: hover, hover-transition and cruise. VSAERO is also used to examine the prop-slipstream induced loading for the Langley prop-fan configuration. The versatility and economy of the aerodynamic modeling program, VSAERO, is demonstrated.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 84-2178
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: The primary objective of this work is to demonstrate the feasibility of a 3D potential/viscous flow coupling procedure for reducing computational effort while maintaining solution accuracy. The closed-loop, overlapped, velocity-coupling concept has been developed in a new code, ZAP3D, that couples a potential flow panel code with a Navier-Stokes method. The current ZAP3D calculation for an aspect ratio 5 wing with an outer domain radius of about 1.2 chords represents a speed-up in CPU time over the ARC3D large domain calculation by about a factor of 2.5. This improvement is achieved for less than a 0.5 percent deviation in C(L), 10 counts change in C(D), and 0.0015 variation in C(My). Additional reductions in the required computational domain for ZAP3D are expected as the method is further developed and refined.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 93-3433 , In: AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, 11th, Monterey, CA, Aug. 9-11, 1993, Technical Papers. Pt. 1 (A93-47201 19-02); p. 282-289.
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A simplified, uncoupled zonal procedure was utilized to assess the capability of numerically simulating icing effects on a Boeing 727-200 aircraft. The computational approach combines potential flow, plus boundary layer simulations by VSAERO for the un-iced aircraft forces and moments, with Navier-Stokes simulations by ARC3D for the incremental forces and moments due to iced components. These are compared with wind tunnel longitudinal force and moment data. Although the computational results compared favorably with the test data in the linear angle of attack range, it is clear that for general aircraft icing calculations, a multiblock Navier-Stokes code will be required for the viscous component of this zonal method.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 93-0167 , ; 8 p.|AIAA, Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit; Jan. 11-14, 1993; Reno, NV; United States
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: In the work reported herein, a simplified, uncoupled, zonal procedure is utilized to assess the capability of numerically simulating icing effects on a Boeing 727-200 aircraft. The computational approach combines potential flow plus boundary layer simulations by VSAERO for the un-iced aircraft forces and moments with Navier-Stokes simulations by NPARC for the incremental forces and moments due to iced components. These are compared with wind tunnel force and moment data, supplied by the Boeing Company, examining longitudinal flight characteristics. Grid refinement improved the local flow features over previously reported work with no appreciable difference in the incremental ice effect. The computed lift curve slope with and without empennage ice matches the experimental value to within 1%, and the zero lift angle agrees to within 0.2 of a degree. The computed slope of the un-iced and iced aircraft longitudinal stability curve is within about 2% of the test data. This work demonstrates the feasibility of a zonal method for the icing analysis of complete aircraft or isolated components within the linear angle of attack range. In fact, this zonal technique has allowed for the viscous analysis of a complete aircraft with ice which is currently not otherwise considered tractable.
    Keywords: Aerodynamics
    Type: NASA-CR-198519 , E-10399 , NAS 1.26:198519 , AMI-9408
    Format: application/pdf
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