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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Reaction wheel vibration was found to induce out of specification sidebands on the carrier frequencies of some spacecraft components containing mechanical voltage control oscillators (VCOs). Concurrent investigations were performed to redesign the VCOs to reduce their response to the wheel vibration, and to design a reaction wheel isolation system to reduce the vibration input to the affected components. Component level tests indicated that both efforts provided viable solutions. The redesigned VCO will be incorporated into future spacecraft in the series, while affected spacecraft already in production will be retrofitted with the reaction wheel isolation system.
    Keywords: SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
    Type: NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center, The 58th Shock and Vibration Symposium, Volume 2; p 167-183
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Malfunction data from the thermal-vacuum tests of 39 flight-model spacecraft have been analyzed. The results are interpreted in terms of the test variables and the spacecraft performance. The malfunction data are correlated with the test time as a single variable, and also with the composite variable of time plus temperature. The improvement in spacecraft performance is examined by means of malfunction rates, malfunctions per spacecraft, and the probability of no failure related to test time. The minimum thermal-vacuum test profile required for Goddard Space Flight Center spacecraft is verified, and the probability of a defect remaining undetected is estimated.
    Keywords: SPACE VEHICLES
    Type: NASA-TN-D-7408 , G-7368
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Malfunction data from the thermal-vacuum tests of 39 flight-model spacecraft were analyzed. The results are interpreted in terms of the test variables, and in terms of the spacecraft performance. The malfunction data are correlated with the test time as a single variable, and also with the composite variable of time plus temperature. The improvement in spacecraft performance is examined by means of malfunction rates, malfunctions per spacecraft, and the probability of no failure related to test time. The minimum thermal-vacuum test profile required for Goddard Space Flight Center spacecraft is verified, and the probability of a defect remaining undetected is estimated.
    Keywords: SPACE VEHICLES
    Type: X-326-72-503 , NASA-TM-X-66188
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Malfunction data from the thermal-vacuum tests of 39 flight-model spacecraft have been analyzed. These data are compared to the data listed in the 1968 Technical Note, NASA TN D-4908, 'Time Required for an Adequate Thermal-Vacuum Test of Flight Model Spacecraft', by A. R. Timmins. The present analyses include the relationship of malfunctions to time and temperature of the test, malfunction rates, effect of retest data, and the probability of a malfunction in each of four thermal-vacuum environments. Data are presented that relate a thermal-vacuum test profile to the risk involved using that profile. The minimum thermal-vacuum test profile is verified, and no change is recommended for the present thermal-vacuum test profile for flight model spacecraft.
    Keywords: SPACE VEHICLES
    Type: Annual Technical Meeting on Realism in environmental testing and control; April 2-5, 1973; Anaheim, CA
    Format: text
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Design loads are presented for the General Electric MOD-SA wind turbine. The MOD-SA system consists of a 400 ft. diameter, upwind, two-bladed, teetered rotor connected to a 7.3 mW variable-speed generator. Fatigue loads are specified in the form of histograms for the 30 year life of the machine, while limit (or maximum) loads have been derived from transient dynamic analysis at critical operating conditions. Loads prediction was accomplished using state of the art aeroelastic analyses developed at General Electric. Features of the primary predictive tool - the Transient Rotor Analysis Code (TRAC) are described in the paper. Key to the load predictions are the following wind models: (1) yearly mean wind distribution; (2) mean wind variations during operation; (3) number of start/shutdown cycles; (4) spatially large gusts; and (5) spatially small gusts (local turbulence). The methods used to develop statistical distributions from load calculations represent an extension of procedures used in past wind programs and are believed to be a significant contribution to Wind Turbine Generator analysis. Test/theory correlations are presented to demonstrate code load predictive capability and to support the wind models used in the analysis. In addition MOD-5A loads are compared with those of existing machines. The MOD-5A design was performed by the General Electric Company, Advanced Energy Program Department, under Contract DEN3-153 with NASA Lewis Research Center and sponsored by the Department of Energy.
    Keywords: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS
    Type: DASCON Engineering, Collected Papers on Wind Turbine Technology; p 115-138a
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Aeroelastic stability analyses have been performed for the MOD-5A blade/aileron system. Various configurations having different aileron torsional stiffness, mass unbalance, and control system damping have been investigated. The analysis was conducted using a code recently developed by the General Electric Company - AILSTAB. The code extracts eigenvalues for a three degree of freedom system, consisting of: (1) a blade flapwise mode; (2) a blade torsional mode; and (3) an aileron torsional mode. Mode shapes are supplied as input and the aileron can be specified over an arbitrary length of the blade span. Quasi-steady aerodynamic strip theory is used to compute aerodynamic derivatives of the wing-aileron combination as a function of spanwise position. Equations of motion are summarized herein. The program provides rotating blade stability boundaries for torsional divergence, classical flutter (bending/torsion) and wing/aileron flutter. It has been checked out against fixed-wing results published by Theodorsen and Garrick. The MOD-5A system is stable with respect to divergence and classical flutter for all practical rotor speeds. Aileron torsional stiffness must exceed a minimum critical value to prevent aileron flutter. The nominal control system stiffness greatly exceeds this minimum during normal operation. The basic system, however, is unstable for the case of a free (or floating) aileron. The instability can be removed either by the addition of torsional damping or mass-balancing the ailerons. The MOD-5A design was performed by the General Electric Company, Advanced Energy Program Department under Contract DEN3-153 with NASA Lewis Research Center and sponsored by the Department of Energy.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: DASCON Engineering, Collected Papers on Wind Turbine Technology; p 99-114
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