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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The potential of the propulsive wing in developing very high lift coefficients for STOL operation has been investigated with several nozzle aspect ratios. The use of the propulsive wing/canard appears to offer an approach to managing the large negative pitching moments associated with trailing-edge blowing. A full-span model of a wing/canard concept representing a fighter configuration has been tested at STOL conditions in the Langley 4 by 7 Meter Tunnel. The results of this test are presented, and comparisons are made to previous tests of the same configuration tested as a semispan model (Stewrt, 1983). Also presented are data showing the effects of large flap deflection and the effect of nozzle span. Comparisons of the test results with jet-flap theory are made and indicate good agreement.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 84-2396
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The effect of near proximity to the ground are investigated on a low aspect ratio propulsive wing/canard concept at STOL conditions. Data were obtained on a wing/body and wing/body/canard configuration at various heights above the ground, ranging from free air to approximately 1/4 of the mean aerodynamic chord (MAC) above the ground. The data presented and discussed include force and moment coefficients, surface pressure distributions, and downwash angles measured one MAC behind the wing. The test technique, model requirements, and special considerations required for testing these configurations are also discussed. Special model requirements included evenly distributed exit nozzle pressures along four separate nozzles of lengths of one and two feet with only one air supply to the model. Test techniques must recognize and deal with the ground boundary layer as well as the air supply pressure measurement and management.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA. Ames Research Center Proceedings of the 1985 NASA Ames Research Center's Ground-Effects Workshop; p 415-444
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A full span model of a wing/canard concept representing a fighter configuration has been tested at STOL conditions in the NASA Langley 4 x 7 meter tunnel. The results of this test are presented, and comparisons are made to previous data of the same configuration tested as a semispan model. The potential of the propulsive wing/canard to develop very high lift coefficients was investigated with several nozzle spans (nozzle aspect ratios). Although longitudinal trim was not accomplished with the blowing distributions and configurations tested, the propulsive wing/canard appears to offer an approach to managing the large negative pitching moments associated with trailing edge flap blowing. Also presented are data showing the effects of large flap deflections and relative wing/canard positions. Presented in the appendix to the report are limited lateral-directional and ground effects data, as well as wing downwash measurements.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NA84-0148 , NAS 1.26:177982 , NASA-CR-177982
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A propulsive wind/canard model was tested at STOL operating conditions in the NASA Langley Research Center 4 x 7 meter wind tunnel. Longitudinal and lateral/directional aerodynamic characteristics were measured for various flap deflections, angles of attack and sideslip, and blowing coefficients. Testing was conducted for several model heights to determine ground proximity effects on the aerodynamic characteristics. Flow field surveys of local flow angles and velocities were performed behind both the canard and the wing. This is volume 2 of a 2 volume report. All of the test data in three appendices are presented. Appendix A presented tabulated six component force and moment data, Appendix B presents tabulated wing pressure coefficients, and Appendix C presents the flow field data.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.26:178349 , NASA-CR-178349
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A propulsive wing/canard model was tested at STOL operating conditions in the NASA Langley Research Center 4 x 7 meter wind tunnel. Longitudinal and lateral/directional aerodynamic characteristics were measured for various flap deflections, angles of attack and sideslip, and blowing coefficients. Testing was conducted for several model heights to determine ground proximity effects on the aerodynamic characteristics. Flow field surveys of local flow angles and velocities were performed behind both the canard and the wing. This is volume 1 of a 2 volume report. The model, instrumentation, and test procedures are described. An analysis of the data is included.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-CR-178348 , NAS 1.26:178348
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An experimental investigation of V/STOL thrust augmenter wings in flight at slow forward speeds is reported. Two rectangular planforms of differing relative chord lengths were tested. The augmenters were positioned in the aft portion of the wing to produce increases in circulation lift. Two blown flap configurations were tested for comparison. Surface pressures as well as total forces and moments were obtained on the semispan models at two flap deflections and a range of momentum coefficients. Tabulations of surveys at the pressure augmenter exit, downwash surveys downstream of the wing, and force and moment data are included.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NR80H-102-VOL-2 , NASA-CR-166137-VOL-2
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Low speed aerodynamic characteristics of a thrust augmenter wing suitable for vertical operation were investigated. Wind tunnel test results on the ejector and a similar configuration with a blown flap are analyzed. The configurations represented a VTOL concept at conditions of thrust deflections required for low forward speed flight. The model tested had an unswept untapered wing. Specific data included normal longitudinal forces and monents, surface pressures, ejector exit surveys, and flow field surveys behind the wing.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NR80H-102-VOL-1 , NASA-CR-166137-VOL-1
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A 1 inch circular jet moving over a fixed ground board was studied in the NASA Langley Research Center Vortex Research Center. The jet passing over the ground board at a height of three nozzle diameters creates a ground vortex which was measured by a pattern of Endevco high response pressure transducers. The results are compared to existing data to determine the effect of the ground boundary eliminated by the moving jet. The penetration of the vortex both forward of and latterly to the impact point of the jet on the ground. The resulting ground vortex penetration forward of the impact point is reduced by approximately 30 percent and the lateral penetration is reduced by 50 percent over that experienced from a stationary jet over a stationary ground board with a free stream velocity.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: VS-1-88 , NASA-CR-181841 , NAS 1.26:181841
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: This paper discusses an experimental study conducted in the Langley Vortex Facility to investigate the effects on the ground vortex of the jet passing over a fixed ground board. A jet impacting the ground can form a vortex which may materially affect the aerodynamic characteristics of a STOL airplane operating near the ground. Several studies have been done with a stationary jet exiting near and perpendicular to fixed ground board. The resulting ground effects have been documented in terms of ground vortex and aerodynamic characteristics. The ground boundary layer created in a wind tunnel facility, however is thought to affect the extent of the ground vortex. This paper reports on an investigation utilizing an isolated moving jet to eliminate the ground boundary layer. The results are compared to the existing data base and show a 30 percent decrease in the vortex penetration shown by the stationary jet conditions.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 89-0650
    Format: text
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The effects of upper surface blowing on the aerodynamics of a 1/2-span wing/body/canard configuration are shown. The results expand a data base that is limited at high subsonic Mach numbers (M = 0.6-0.9), data that are needed if computational techniques are to be developed for the complex flowfields generated by jet blowing. At lift coefficients greater than about 1.0, the thrust removed drag coefficient was lower with jet blowing than without jet blowing. This favorable effect increased with increasing jet blowing coefficient, and, for a fixed coefficient, simultaneous wing/canard jet blowing was slightly more effective than blowing either surface alone.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 83-0081 , (ISSN 0021-8669)
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