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  • 1
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    Hamburg: Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA)
    Publication Date: 2019-10-02
    Description: This paper discusses the nature, importance, and measurement of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) in services trade with particular reference to telecommunications services. It is shown that although more effectively addressed for the telecom sector at the multilateral level than for other service sectors, NTBs are still widespread and would appear to have a large potential for restricting trade in services. The paper reviews the scope and classification of non-tariff barriers to services trade and sets out an alternative typology for their classification, highlighting the fact that NTBs may be either government-imposed, may result from non-competitive market structures, or from the absence of appropriate regulation. The latter is shown to constitute one of the most important sources of NTBs in network industries, such as telecommunications services. Attempts by the relevant literature to measure NTBs in telecommunications are summarized and their usefulness in identifying ?appropriate? policy mixes is commented. Lastly, the paper probes the question of whether existing multilateral and regional instruments and agreements are adequate to deal with the non-tariff phenomenon in the telecom sector in its several dimensions.
    Description: 7 Dieses Papier behandelt das Wesen, die Bedeutung und die Messung nicht-tarifärer Handelsbeschränkungen (NTBs) im Dienstleistungshandel, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Telekommunikationsdienstleistungen. Es zeigt, dass NTBs, obwohl sie in der Telekommunikation auf der multilateralen Ebene wirksamer angegangen wurden als in anderen Dienstleistungsbereichen, noch immer weit verbreitet sind und den Dienstleistungshandel potentiell stark beeinträchtigen. Das Papier beschreibt die Erscheinungsformen und die Klassifikation nicht-tarifärer Handelsschranken im Dienstleistungshandel. Es stellt ein alternatives Klassifikationsschema vor, das von der Beobachtung ausgeht, dass NTBs entweder von Regierungen eingeführt sein können, oder auf monopolistischen Marktstrukturen basieren, oder Ergebnis unzureichender Regulierungen sind. Gezeigt wird, dass der letztgenannte Tatbestand eine der wichtigsten Quellen von NTBs in Netzwerkindustrien, wie der Telekommunikation, ist. Das Papier gibt einen Überblick über die Literatur zur Messung nicht-tarifärer Handelsschranken in der Telekommunikation und kommentiert ihre Brauchbarkeit für die Entwicklung geeigneter ?policy mixes?. Schließlich wird geprüft, ob die existierenden multilateralen und regionalen Instrumente und Vereinbarungen ausreichend sind, um mit dem vielschichtigen Problem der nicht-tarifären Hemmnisse im Telekommunikationssektor umzugehen.
    Keywords: F13 ; F02 ; L96 ; ddc:330 ; International Economic Order ; Trade Negotiations ; Non-Tariff Barriers ; Telecommunications Services ; Telekommunikation ; Internationaler Dienstleistungsverkehr ; Nichttarifäre Handelshemmnisse ; Network Externalities ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-06-29
    Description: Although the level of ambition shared in negotiations for the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) is high, one of the biggest fears is that the agreement will negatively impact on third countries that are either excluded or unwilling to participate. This paper highlights the issues in the negotiations that are most relevant to them and analyses direct and indirect channels of potential impact of the agreement on non-participants. We argue that the most substantial impact of TiSA on developing countries will likely come indirectly from the high regulatory standards that will need to be met by all services exporters, including third countries in trade agreements with TiSA members, as well as through the diversion of investment flows and global value chain operations to the TiSA area. We show that accession may represent a notable challenge for many emerging economies due to the high degree of regulatory heterogeneity between them and TiSA participants. However, we argue that there are ways of making the agreement more development-friendly. By adding chapters with a development focus and linking the implementation of TiSA to the WTO-led Aid for Trade Initiative, among other recommendations, negotiators would go a long way towards making the agreement more appealing to developing countries. Sherry Stephenson is a Senior Fellow at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD). She has written this study in her own capacity and the views reflected in it are the author’s alone and should not be attributed to the ICTSD or its donors. Alexandros Ragoussis is an Associate Fellow in the department “World Economy and Development Finance” at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). Jimena Sotelo is a Junior Programme Officer at the ICTSD. She has written this study in her own capacity and the views reflected in it are the author’s alone and should not be attributed to the ICTSD or its donors.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Handel und Investitionen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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