Key words Partial resistance
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The partial resistance to leaf rust in barley is a quantitative resistance that is not based on hypersensitivity. To map the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for partial resistance to leaf rust, we obtained 103 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) by single-seed descent from a cross between the susceptible parent L94 and the partially resistant parent Vada. These RILs were evaluated at the seedling and adult plant stages in the greenhouse for the latent period (LP) of the rust fungus, and in the field for the level of infection, measured as area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC). A dense genetic map based on 561 AFLP markers had been generated previously for this set of RILs. QTLs for partial resistance to leaf rust were mapped using the “Multiple Interval Mapping” method with the putative QTL markers as cofactors. Six QTLs for partial resistance were identified in this population. Three QTLs, Rphq1, Rphq2 and Rphq3, were effective at the seedling stage and contributed approximately 55% to the phenotypic variance. Five QTLs, Rph2, Rphq3, Rphq4, Rphq5, and/or Rphq6 contributed approximtely. 60% of the phenotypic variance and were effective at the adult plant stage. Therefore, only the QTLs Rphq2 and Rhpq3 were not plant-stage dependent. The identified QTLs showed mainly additive effects and only one significant interaction was detected, i.e. between Rphq1 and Rphq2. The map positions of these QTLs did not coincide with those of the race-specific resistance genes, suggesting that genes for partial resistance and genes for hypersensitive resistance represent entirely different gene families. Also, three QTLs for days to heading, of which two were also involved in plant height, were identified in the present recombinant inbred population. These QTLs had been mapped previously on the same positions in different populations. The perspectives of these results for breeding for durable resistance to leaf rust are discussed.
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