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  • 1
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] MWC560 is probably a binary system comprising a spectral type M4e red giant4 and a hot compact companion star. The discovery of the 1990 outburst3 brought it to the attention of astronomers worldwide. Monitoring MWC560 with the Inter-national Ultraviolet Explorer satellite (IUE) during 1990 ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-02-06
    Description: The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will be a powerful space observatory whose four science instruments will deliver rich imaging and multiplexed spectroscopic datasets to the astronomical and planetary science communities. The ground segment for JWST, now being designed and built, will carry out JWST's science operations. The ground segment includes: (1) software that the scientific community will use to propose and specify new observations; (2) software that will schedule both science and calibration observations in a way that optimizes observing efficiency while managing the accumulation of momentum; (3) the infrastructure to regularly measure and maintain the telescope's wavefront; (4) orbit determination, ranging, and tracking; (5) communication via the Deep Space Network to command the observatory and retrieve scientific data; (6) onboard scripts that execute each observing program in an event-driven fashion, with occasional interruptions for targets of opportunity or time-critical observations; and (7) a system that processes and calibrates the data into science ready products, automatically recalibrates when calibrations improve, and archives the data for timely access by the principal investigator and later worldwide access by the scientific community. This ground system builds on experience from operating the Hubble Space Telescope, while solving challenges that are unique to the James Webb Space Telescope. In this paper, we describe the elements of the JWST ground system, how it will work operationally from the perspective of the observatory itself, and how a typical user will interact with the system to turn his/her idea into scientific discovery.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: GSFC.ABS.6478.2012
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: A dramatic change has occurred in the ultraviolet spectrum of the emission-line star MWC560, so that it now closely resembles the spectrum of a nova shortly after outburst. This event may signal a major mass-ejection episode such as presumably occurred in past centuries in the symbiotic star R Aquarii to produce the well-known bipolar nebula, and it may herald the emergence of a standard symbiotic-star emission-line spectrum in MWC560, corresponding to a change in evolutionary state.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 350; 404-406
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The paper reports the discovery, using combined IUE spectroscopy and Zeeman polarimetric magnetic field measurements, of magnetically controlled circumstellar material in two helium-weak stars. HD 5737 = Alpha Sculptoris is, except for its extreme helium deficiency, similar to the He weak sn star HD 21699. A unique period for the magnetic and C IV and Si IV variations of 21.65 days is reported. The effective (longitudinal) field nulls coincide extremely well with C IV line strength maxima. The magnetic field and equatorial trapped plasma are highly oblique to the rotation axis (about 70 deg), and the line variations appear to be stable. Similar magnetospheric variations in HD 79158 = 36 Lyncis have been discovered, for which no period had been previously available. The period is 3.84 days, yet it too displays magnetic-equatorial plasma. The magnetospheric axis is highly oblique to the rotation axis, around 80 deg.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 348; 242-252
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  • 5
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: AY Cet is a single-line binary comprised of a spotted G5 III primary and a white dwarf secondary. A series of UV spectra have been obtained with the IUE satellite on five different dates covering a substantial part of the optical cycle of the primary star. No evidence that the continuum or the Ly-alpha absorption line of the secondary star varied is found. There were significant changes in the strengths of the UV emission lines, but the variations were only weakly correlated with either the orbital phase of the binary or the rotational phase of the primary. The UV emission lines were especially strong near maximum visual brightness at a time when the starspot(s) on the primary was least visible. The enhanced line emission is attributed to a flare event on the primary, most likely at a high-latitude site close to the pole of this star. The UV radiative losses of this flare were comparable with those of flares previously observed on the RC CVn variables Lambda And and HR 1099.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256); 94; 1657-166
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD, Code 500), the Space Sciences Directorate (Code 600), and the Flight Projects Directorate (Code 400) have developed a new approach to combine the science and mission operations for the FUSE mission. FUSE, the last of the Delta-class Explorer missions, will obtain high resolution far ultraviolet spectra (910 - 1220 A) of stellar and extragalactic sources to study the evolution of galaxies and conditions in the early universe. FUSE will be launched in 2000 into a 24-hour highly eccentric orbit. Science operations will be conducted in real time for 16-18 hours per day, in a manner similar to the operations performed today for the International Ultraviolet Explorer. In a radical departure from previous missions, the operations concept combines spacecraft and science operations and data processing functions in a single facility to be housed in the Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics (Code 680). A small missions operations team will provide the spacecraft control, telescope operations and data handling functions in a facility designated as the Science and Mission Operations Center (SMOC). This approach will utilize the Transportable Payload Operations Control Center (TPOCC) architecture for both spacecraft and instrument commanding. Other concepts of integrated operations being developed by the Code 500 Renaissance Project will also be employed for the FUSE SMOC. The primary objective of this approach is to reduce development and mission operations costs. The operations concept, integration of mission and science operations, and extensive use of existing hardware and software tools will decrease both development and operations costs extensively. This paper describes the FUSE operations concept, discusses the systems engineering approach used for its development, and the software, hardware and management tools that will make its implementation feasible.
    Keywords: SYSTEMS ANALYSIS
    Type: Third International Symposium on Space Mission Operations and Ground Data Systems, Part 2; p 1371-1376
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  • 7
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2009-05-17
    Description: The Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) is studying a wide range of astronomical problems in the 905-1187 Angstrom wavelength region through the use of high resolution spectroscopy. The FUSE bandpass forms a nearly optimal complement to the spectral coverage provided by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), which extends down to approximately 1170 Angstroms. The photoionization threshold of atomic hydrogen (911 Angstroms) sets a natural short-wavelength limit for the FUV. FUSE was launched in June 1999 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a Delta II rocket into a 768 km circular orbit. Scientific observations started later that year. This spectral region is extremely rich in spectral diagnostics of astrophysical gases over a wide range of temperatures (100 K to over 10 million K). Important strong spectral lines in this wavelength range include those of neutral hydrogen, deuterium, nitrogen, oxygen, and argon (H I, D I, N I, O I, and Ar I), molecular hydrogen (H2), five-times ionized oxygen (O VI), and several ionization states of sulfur (S III - S VI). These elements are essential for understanding the origin and evolution of the chemical elements, the formation of stars and our Solar System, and the structure of galaxies, including our Milky Way. FUSE is one of NASA's Explorer missions and a cooperative project of NASA and the space agencies of Canada and France. These missions are smaller, more scientifically focused missions than the larger observatories, like Hubble and Chandra. FUSE was designed, built and operated for NASA by the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Johns Hopkins University. Hundreds of astronomers world-wide are using FUSE for a wide range of scientific research. Some of the important scientific discoveries from the first two years of the mission are described.
    Keywords: Astronomy
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: We report on the high resolution ultraviolet line profile evolution of Nova Cygni 1992 using the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite and the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Our observations cover the period from discovery in 1992 February through 1993 April. The initial expansion velocity, derived from P Cyg profiles on Mg II and other resonance lines, was about 4500 km/s. All resonance transitions displayed P Cyg profiles around the time of UV maximum. We first discuss the spectral development as the initially optically thick atomic absorption curtain became optically thin. We then present the interpretation of the nebular spectral stage. The high resolution line profiles show that the shell rapidly developed nearly symmetric knots, or filaments, of emission. The optically thin transitions show an emission weighted expansion velocity of about 1800 km/s, consistent with the velocity inferred from the radio and infrared data. The emission lines display a symmetric set of filaments that appeared as soon as the line profiles became optically thin. The GHRS observations demonstrate that the filaments were located in the inner, slower moving parts of the ejecta. These probably record an initial low wave number instability imposed on the ejecta at the time of outburst. We suggest that the likely cause is a Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The emission at later stages is dominated by the filaments and, since this phenomenon is seen in virtually all novae, nebular line formation codes will have to account for the density inhomgeneities in order to adequately determine abundances for nove ejecta.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: The Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256); 106; 6; p. 2408-2428
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-19
    Description: Supernova 1987 A has given us an unprecedented view of the evolution of the explosion debris and its interaction with circumstellar matter. The outer supernova debris, now expanding with velocities approx.8000 km/s, encountered the relatively dense circumstellar ring formed by presupernova mass loss in the early 1990s. The shock interaction is manifested by UV-optical "hotspots", an expanding X-ray ring, an expanding ring of knotty non-thermal radio emission, and a ring of thermal IR emission from silicate dust Recent ultraviolet observations of the emissions from the reverse shock and the ring with the HST/COS reveal new details about the shock interaction. Lyman alpha emission from the reverse shock is much stronger than H alpha and they have different emission morphologies, pointing to different emission mechanisms. The reverse shock was detected for the first time in C IV 1550. The N V to C IV brightness ratio indicates the N/C abundance ratio in the expanding debris is about 100X solar, about 3X N/C in the inner ring.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: GSFC.ABS.6827.2012 , Supernovae Illuminating the Universe: From Individuals to Populations; Sep 10, 2012 - Sep 14, 2012; Munich; Germany
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  • 10
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2019-07-19
    Description: Supernova 1987 A in the Large Magellanic Cloud is one of the most intensively studied objects in the universe and a Rosetta Stone for understanding the explosions of massive stars. Now almost 25 years old, SN 1987 A is a very young supernova remnant, a phase previously unobserved in any other supernova. In this talk I will discuss recent observations from the far ultraviolet to the far-infrared with HST, the VLT, and the Herschel Space Observatory. These data reveal new insights into the composition, geometry, and heating of the explosion debris, the shock interaction with circumstellar material, and dust in the SN 1987 A system.
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: GSFC.ABS.5429.2011 , NASA Ames Colloquium; Nov 02, 2011; Mountain View, CA; United States
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