Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Summary Over the past two decades, since initial establishment of Thailand's National Environment Board by the original National Environmental Quality Act of 1975 (NEQA/75), many lessons have been learned on the complex problems of establishing a meaningful national environmental program in the country. Based on these lessons, a new act was promulgated in 1992 (NEQA/92), which furnishes very substantial powers and financing for planning and implementing such a program. The result has been a marked upgrading and acceleration of the program, but with the realization that the principal problem now is scarcity of the many needed technical skills in the government's Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, which serves as the Working Arm for the National Environment Board. One of the approaches now being explored is how to make effective use of the private sector to supplement and complement the government's resources. Thailand's goal, from the point of view of the Ministry of Science, technology and Environment, is the continuing sustainable development of Thailand. This means planning and implementing economiccum-environmental development projects, where the investment pays good dividends in both financial earnings and in environmental protection. This will not be easy, because the projects must be suited to the political, cultural, and social as well as the economic realities of Thailand. The common mistake in developing countries of trying to emulate practices developed and utilized in the affluent industrialized countries must be avoided. It is realized that pioneering studies and research, to obtain the planning and design guidelines which will fit the current national development situation, must be undertaken here in Thailand.
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