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  • 1
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Foreign portfolio flows in and out of India are relevant for policymakers, and are often portrayed in the media as having a destabilizing effect on the domestic market. We use an event study approach to examine whether extreme global shocks trigger abnormal responses in foreign equity flows in and out of India, or abnormal responses in the Indian stock market. We do not find strong evidence of abnormal responses, even for the case of the global crisis of 2008.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper provides a self-contained overview of the present problems of state finances in India. It begins with an overview of historical evolution and current institutional structures, including economic, political, administrative and fiscal aspects of India's federal system. The paper then reviews the current situation of India's state government finances, going on to consider various developments that have shaped the states' current fiscal situation, including the roles of national economic reform, the intergovernmental transfer system, tax reform, and local government reform. Policy options for reforming institutions of fiscal federalism system, borrowing mechanisms for the states, and governance are then discussed, with an emphasis on the principle that states should have appropriate incentives for fiscal discipline at the margins of revenue and expenditure.
    Keywords: H1 ; H7 ; P2 ; ddc:330 ; fiscal policy ; intergovernmental transfers ; incentives ; institutional reform ; Öffentliche Finanzwirtschaft ; Finanzpolitik ; Finanzausgleich ; Finanzreform ; Indien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This monograph compares the methodologies and progress of the different existing models of information and communication technology (ICT) use for broad-based development and economic growth in India. It will examine the role of complementary reforms in government administration and policies. The focus is chiefly on the rural economy, where the developmental needs are the greatest, and the use of ICTs presents the most challenges. It examines the nature of benefits in areas such as education, health, market efficiency, and democratic participation, the channels through which impacts can be realized, and the practical means for realizing potential benefits, including organizational innovations and government policy as well as structural changes.
    Keywords: O12 ; O3 ; L31 ; P2 ; ddc:330 ; India ; ICTs ; Internet ; development ; Informationstechnik ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Ländliche Entwicklung ; Indien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper provides an integrated analysis of the role of the service sector in recent Indian economic development. It discusses the nature of services, their distinction from products, and their categorization. It provides an overview of India’s overall growth experience, and a detailed examination of the contribution of the service sector to growth. It includes an examination of the potential for spillovers from IT, ITES and other service sectors such as financial services, to the rest of the economy, drawing on econometric work, as well as input-output analysis of linkages to understand these possible spillovers and growth potentials. Based on this evidence, it appears that India’s manufacturing sector development may have been constrained in part by weaknesses in key service sectors such as transportation and electricity. The paper also considers the particular role of international trade in services, which is of growing importance. It discusses the consequences for employment of different growth paths, the challenges of education and manpower training to support and sustain India’s development path, and social and environmental issues, including regional inequality issues. The Indian experience is related to recent discussions of industrial policy, and development policy more generally.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Dienstleistungssektor ; Internationaler Dienstleistungsverkehr ; Indien ; IKT-Sektor
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: A preference for negative reciprocity is an important part of the human emotional repertoire. We model its role in sustaining cooperative behavior but highlight an intrinsic free-rider problem: the fitness benefits of negative reciprocity are dispersed throughout the entire group, but the fitness costs are borne personally. Evolutionary forces tend to unravel people's willingness to bear the personal cost of punishing culprits. In our model, the countervailing force that sustains negative reciprocity is a meme consisting of a group norm together with low-powered (and low-cost) group enforcement of the norm. The main result is that such memes coevolve with personal tastes and capacities so as to produce the optimal level of negative reciprocity.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Altruism ; reciprocity ; negative reciprocity ; coevolution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Unknown
    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: In this paper we investigate an example of a very widely applied model for the delivery of IT services to rural and poor populations. The model is one where limited intervention to support infrastructure and coordinate resources is combined with market-based delivery of IT services to the end user (what we call here the sustainable franchise model). Though this model has been deployed world-wide by governments, NGOs, and development institutions in the past few years, there has been little research into the determinants of success in such a model. In this paper we examine the example of n-Logue, a franchise of over 1000 locally-owned, Internet kiosks in rural villages in India. We seek to assess how this new sustainable franchise model has worked in practice by analyzing data from 74 of n-Logue's kiosks. Among other things, we find that gender and education do not affect success, while location and other measures of social standing (age and caste) do. We also find that the uses that villagers have for IT services are not so different from those which first world users have. The lessons we draw from this example are that while local customs and practices must be taken into account (e.g. the caste system), it is not a foregone conclusion that social biases (e.g. against women) cannot be mitigated by good program design.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internet ; Informationstechnik ; IT-Dienstleister ; Franchising ; Ländlicher Raum ; Indien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper reviews the East Asian experience with financial integration, how economies in the region have responded to shocks, and what they may do to continue to thrive in the future. It discusses openness to capital flows as a key aspect of financial integration, briefly considering the theoretical underpinnings and empirical evidence for the benefits of openness. It then examines the East Asian experience with the two financial crises that have affected the region, and how the two episodes have differed. It concludes by considering policy options for the future, including regulatory reform and coordination, and various possible risk management policies and institutions. The analysis illustrates differences in patterns of financial development for the three largest economies of the region (China, Japan and South Korea) and discusses implications for financial integration efforts.
    Keywords: F36 ; F42 ; F62 ; O16 ; ddc:330 ; financial integration ; financial development ; financial crises ; trilemma ; monetary union ; risk management
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 8
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    Unknown
    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper examines the link between structural change and growth in India. It constructs indices of structural change, and performs a panel data analysis using data for India's 16 major states. It finds that there is one-way positive impact from structural change to growth for the period 2000- 2006. This finding emerges only if one assumes that the disturbances are heteroskedastic, contemporaneously cross-sectionally correlated and autocorrelated of type AR(1)
    Keywords: O1 ; O5 ; ddc:330 ; Indian economy ; structural change ; growth
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    Unknown
    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: The standard evolutionary explanation for depression is that being emotionally depressed is adaptive. We argue that being depressed is not adaptive (indeed, quite the opposite), but that the threat of depression for bad outcomes and the promise of pleasure for good outcomes are adaptive because they motivate people toward undertaking effort that increases fitness. We first model the optimal emotional incentive structure. We employ a principal-agent model, where the principal is the gene and the agent is the individual. The principal-agent model is a useful construct to characterize the long run tendency of evolutionary forces to reward those characteristics that increase fitness and survival of the gene. A key difference between our setup and the standard principal-agent model is that both punishment (depression) and reward (elation) have a fitness cost to the principal. We then discuss suboptimal outcomes, including bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, and lack of motivation.
    Keywords: D01 ; D03 ; B52 ; ddc:330 ; Depression ; evolution ; bipolar disorder ; motivation ; adaptation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Economics Department
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper discusses a possible case for industrial policy, with special reference to the two emerging global giants, China and India. It begins with a clarification of the meaning of industrial policy, since not only does the term mean different things to different people, but the traditional and narrow definitions leads to significantly different conclusions than more recent, broader definitions. In the context of definition of the term, the paper also reviews the arguments for and against industrial policy, and discusses industrial policy in the context of globalization, including the evolution of multilateral trading rules. The main arguments of the paper discuss the Chinese and Indian economies, exploring in particular their past experience with variants of industrial policies. The similarities of the China model to past East Asian experience are explored, while the contrasts of India's development, and the distinction between liberalization and reform are examined. These two major country cases form the basis for a consolidation of recent conceptual ideas, where effective and successful industrial policy is viewed as part of a social contract, creating a pathway to inclusive growth.
    Keywords: O10 ; O25 ; O40 ; O57 ; P52 ; ddc:330 ; Industrial policy ; China model ; India ; inclusive growth ; comparative advantage ; economic reform
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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