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  • 1
    Call number: ZSP-201-83/24
    In: CRREL Report, 83-24
    Description / Table of Contents: Secondary recovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, will involve transporting large quantities of seawater in elevated pipelines across tundra for injection into oil-bearing rock strata. The possibility of a pipeline rupture raises questions concerning the effects of seawater on tundra vegetation and soils. To evaluate the relative sensitivities of different plant communities to seawater, eight sites representing the range of vegetation types along the pipeline route were treated with single, saturating applications of seawater during the summer of 1980. Within a month of the treatment 30 of 37 taxa of shrubs and forbs in the experimental plots developed clear symptoms of stress, while none of the 14 graminoid taxa showed apparent adverse affects. Live vascular plant cover was thus reduced by 89 and 91% in the two dry sites and by 54, 74 and 83% in the three moist sites, respectively. Live(green) bryophyte cover was markedly reduced in the moist experimental sites in 1981. Bryophytes in all but one of the wet-site experimental plots were apparently unaffected by the seawater treatment. Two species of foliose lichens treated with seawater showed marked deterioration in 1981. All other lichen taxa were apparently unaffected by the seawater treatment. The absorption and retention of salts by the soil is inversely related to the soil moisture regime. In the wet sites, conductivities approached prespill levels within about 30 days. In such sites, spills at the experimental volumes are quickly diluted and the salts flushed from the soil. In the dry sites, on the other hand, salts are retained in the soil, apparently concentrating at or near the seasonal thaw line.
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 43 Seiten , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: CRREL Report 83-24
    Language: English
    Note: CONTENTS Abstract Preface Introduction Methods Site selection and preparation Prespill assessment Seawater application Postspill assessment Enzyme assay and analysis of soil flora Results and discussion Soil-solution conductivities Vascular plant response Cryptogam response Site factors and plant response Soil flora and extracellular soil enzymes Limitations of this study Summary and conclusions Literature cited Appendix: Plant taxa included in this study
    Location: AWI Archive
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4803
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Effects of water and a variety of organic liquids on crack-growth rates in soda-lime-silica glass was investigated. When water is present in organic liquids, it is usually the principal agent that promotes subcritical crack growth in glass. In region I, subcritical crack growth is controlled primarily by the chemical potential of the water in the liquid; whereas in region II, crack growth is controlled by the concentration of water and the viscosity of the solution formed by the water and the organic liquid. In region III, where water does not affect crack growth, the slope of the crack-growth curves can be correlated with the dielectric constant of the liquid. It is suggested that these latter results can be explained by electrostatic interactions between the environment and charges that form during the rupture of Si-O bonds.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-2932
    Keywords: Long-term trends ; sulfate ; statistical models
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract This paper summarizes the results of four statistical approaches for the estimation of long-term trends (1983–92) in sulfate concentration data from 90 monitoring sites across the United States. Least squares regression models and nonparametric techniques were applied to these data. Sulfate concentrations were found to be generally decreasing on the order of 0–4% at most sites. There was general agreement that trends were significant in the Great Lakes, Pacific northwest, and southwest regions. Although strengths and weaknesses are described for each approach, all of these approaches are useful for long-term trend estimation. Visualization techniques are recommended for displaying trend patterns and associated levels of statistical significance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1434-6036
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The results of a high-resolution photoemission study using synchrotron radiation of two single crystals of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ, with different critical temperaturesT c due to a variation in oxygen stoichiometry δ are reported. Within experimental accuracy, the energy gap 2Δ is found to scale withT c , amounting to a reduced gap parameter of 2Δ/k BTc≅7.4. Employing resonant photoemission at the O−2s and Cu−3p thresholds, two spectral peaks at binding energies of 180 meV and 320 meV were identified as predominantly O−2p-and Cu−3d 4s-derived states, respectively.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-0867
    Keywords: Sulfur coating ; urea ; attapulgite clay
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Abstract A commercial attapulgite-type gelling clay was added as a conditioning-hardening agent to urea which was then tested as a substrate for sulfur coating. The coating tests were made in bench-scale batch equipment. The total coating weights and the 7-day dissolution rates of the sulfur-coated products were determined and compared with those from similar tests of previously made sulfur-coated urea products containing calcium lignosulfonate or formaldehyde. Compared with urea substrates containing formaldehyde, the urea containing attapulgite clay required about one-third less sulfur coating to attain the same 7-day dissolution rate. The urea containing attapulgite clay and the urea containing calcium lignosulfonate were about equally effective as substrates for sulfur coating.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1572-9540
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The local magnetic, electronic, and structural properties of (RE)Ba2Cu3O7−δ supercondcutors (RE=Gd, Dy, and Eu) were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy using the resonances of155Gd,161Dy,151Eu, and57Eu. In GdBa2Cu3O7−δ, different magnetic ordering behaviors of the Gd sublattice are found for the orthorhombic (superconducting) and tetragonal (non-superconducting) phases. In DyBa2Cu3O7−δ, the magnetic moments of the respective CEF ground states in the orthorhombic and tetragonal phases are derived from paramagnetic hyperfine splittings at 1.4 K. In both DyBa2Cu3O7−δ and EuBa2Cu3O7−δ, anomalies connected with the superconducting transitions in isomer shift, recoil-free fraction, and relaxation behavior were looked for, but not found. The electric-quadrupole splittings observed for both systems are discussed in connection with the lattice EFGs derived for the Gd system. In GdBa2 (Cu0.995Fe0.005)3O7−δ, the local properties of the various Fe sites are investigated over a wide temperature range in both the orthorhombic and tetragonal phase. The magnetic ordering of the Gd sublattice in the orthorhombic phase and of the Cu(2) sublattice in the tetragonal phase, respectively, is monitored via the magnetic splittings at the various Fe sites. Possible assignments of Cu(1) and Cu(2) sites as well as different oxygen configurations around the substituted Fe ions are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1520-5126
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    World Development 9 (1981), S. 701-705 
    ISSN: 0305-750X
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Geography , Political Science , Sociology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
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    In:  Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi (0031-5850) vol.17 (2002) nr.4 p.563
    Publication Date: 2015-04-20
    Description: Six species of Amanita (Amanitaceae, Basidiomycota, Fungi), collected in the Pakaraima Mountains of Guyana, are described; four as new and two as new records for Guyana: A. aurantiobrunnea spec, nov., A. calochroa spec, nov., A. cyanopus spec. nov., A. perphaea spec. nov., A. lanivolva Bas, and A. xerocybe Bas. All six species have been collected in forests dominated by Dicymbe (Caesalpiniaceae) and are assumed to be ectomycorrhizal. Amanita perphaea is commonly eaten by Patamona Indians and is called ‘Pulutukwe’.
    Repository Name: National Museum of Natural History, Netherlands
    Type: Article / Letter to the editor
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    BBA - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 33 (1959), S. 572-574 
    ISSN: 0006-3002
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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