Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Urethane monomer/diluent monomer mixtures were used in dental composite resin veneering materials filled with various ratios of powder (filler)/liquid (comonomer), P/L. Hardness values of unfilled resins containing benzoyl peroxide only (BP0; 0.5 wt%), and filled resins (included trimethylol propane trimethacrylate (TMPT) composite filler) were tested. Significant increases in hardness were obtained with the use of TMPT composite filler in the resins. Also, their modulus values measured by bend test showed an increasing trend, compared to a commercial composite resin veneering material (a control sample; CONT) with a lower filler content (50 wt%). The DME–DPMDC/HPDM comonomer (dimethacryloxyethyl diphenylmethane-4,4′-dicarbamate/hydroxypropyl dimethacrylate), which showed a smaller fraction of surface porosity, gave greater mechanical strength values at P/L ratios of 0.55 (17.8 wt% filler content) to 1.20 (27.3 wt%) than a CONT resin. The coefficient of thermal expansion was smaller in urethane-based filling materials than a CONT resin. Also, greater activation energy of thermal decomposition was observed in the resin samples with P/L ratio 0.75 to 1.20 than in a CONT resin. Thermally-induced decomposition occurred with smaller weight loss in the experimental filled resins than in a CONT resin.
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