Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Synopsis The usefulness of a lectin,Limulus polyphemus agglutinin (LPA) has been tested in a series of mammalian tissues with sialic acid-containing glycoproteins. In nearly all the tissues employed, the positive peroxidase-labelled LPA diaminobenzidine (LPA-PO-DAB) reaction of various histological structures was markedly diminished in intensity or abolished, following digestion with neuraminidase. In the same tissues, sialic acid added with LPA-PO abolished the LPA-PO-DAB reaction or notably suppressed its intensity. In the majority of the tissues tested, the LPA-PO-DAB-Alcian Blue (AB) (pH 1.0 or 2.5) procedures appear to be useful dual staining methods which enable one to colour selectively sialic acid-containing and other acidic carbohydrates. In view of the endogenous peroxidase activity in particular histological structures, however, appropriate control staining procedures should be performed when the LPA-PO-DAB procedure is employed, either alone or in combination with AB procedures, to determine the histochemical properties of sialic acid-containing glycoproteins.
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