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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: A comprehensive photometric and spectroscopic study of the low state of the novalike variable TT Ari has been made with observations spanning the UV to IR spectral regions. The roughly 5 mag drop in the system's luminosity from the high state indicates that the mass-transfer rate decreased by more than two orders of magnitude. The drastic reduction in the luminosity of the accretion disk between the high and low states enabled the white dwarf component to be directly observed for the first time. The broad absorption profiles at various lines and the UV energy distribution are best fitted by a hot white dwarf. A lower limit of 200 pc for the distance to TT Ari is derived, and the behavior of TT Ari is compared to that of another novalike variable, MV Lyr. The long-term photometric behavior of TT Ari makes it a typical member of the VY Scl subclass of novalike variables.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 290; 707-720
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The results of a program of observations of the cataclysmic variable V442 Oph from UV to IR wavelengths are reported. The observations comprise IUE SWP and LWR-camera spectra from October, 1981; UBVr and R photometry at Manastash Ridge Observatory from August, 1980; UBV photometry and IR measurements at Kitt Peak from July, 1981; and Coudespectroscopy at Mt. Wilson from June, 1980, and at Mt Lemmon from July, 1982. Tables of data, plots of H-alpha and He-II radial velocity, sample spectra, light curves, and a log-log diagram of F(lambda) vs lambda are given. Flux-ratio analysis of the IR data indicates a disk with very little optically thin material anad an outer-edge temperature of about 7920 K. The calculated period (3.37 h) and mass-accretion rate (1 x 10 to the -8th solar mass/yr) are compared to those of similar objects, and V442 Oph is found to be similar in this respect to systems like H2252-035. Its lack of a rotational period and the weakness of the optical and UV line emissions, however, are more like the old nova V603 Aql.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Publications (ISSN 0004-6280); 95; Aug. 198
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Spectroscopic and photometric observations of T Leo which reveal the object to be an ultrashort period dwarf nova are presented. In particular, the analysis indicates that T Leo has an orbital period of 84.69936 (plus or minus 0.00068) minutes, which is the third shortest orbital period of any known cataclysmic variable and the shortest known for any U Gem type dwarf nova. These observations enable the placement of upper limits of 0.19 and 0.4 solar mass on the mass of the red dwarf and white dwarf, respectively. The overall energy distribution is relatively flat (f-sub-lambda approximately constant) which is consistent with a low mass accretion rate. The models of Williams and Ferguson (1982) suggest that the mass accretion rate is about 10 to the -10th solar mass/yr. A narrow peak component of H-alpha is observed, the phasing of which cannot be explained by the canonical hot spot model. Possible explanations for its origin are presented and discussed. It is predicted that future observations of T Leo may reveal the object to be a SU UMa type dwarf nova.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 276; 305-315
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 282; 236-244
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: High-precision digital spectra of the HDE 226868/Cygnus X-1 system have been obtained at a variety of orbital phases, using a Digicon photon counting array at the coude focus of the Lick Shane reflector. The spectra have been cross-correlated to search for evidence for the existence of a luminous stellar companion to HDE 226868, as has been suggested by several models where the secondary star is not a black hole. We find no evidence for such a star and place a lower limit on the difference between HDE 226868 and its companion of 4 magnitudes. This limit rules out all of the models for the Cygnus X-1 system calculated by Avni and Bahcall which include main-sequence stars as secondaries rather than black holes. A merit function generally useful for cross-correlation of digital spectra is described.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 240
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: Evidence is presented in support of the hypothesis that the mean mass-transfer rate at a given orbital period is not continuous across the 2-3 hr gap in the orbital period distribution for cataclysmic variables. It is pointed out that although dwarf novae comprise nearly half (48 percent) of all disk systems with orbital periods less than 10 hr, only three systems out of the 22 with periods between 3 and 4 hr appear to be dwarf novae. The overall orbital period distribution for dwarf novae in conjunction with the predictions from current theories of dwarf nova eruptions are used to argue that mass-transfer rates must be generally higher for systems with orbital periods greater than 3 hr relative to systems with periods less than 2 hr. It is further argued that the mean mass-transfer rate at a given orbital period cannot increase more steeply than P exp 1.7 unless the white dwarf mass is positively correlated with orbital period.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 305; 261-266
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: Time-resolved X-ray and optical photometric and optical spectroscopic observations of the ultrashort period cataclysmic variable SW UMa are reported. The spectroscopic observations reveal the presence of an s-wave component which is almost in phase with the extreme line wings and presumably the white dwarf. This very unusual phasing in conjunction with the available optical and X-ray data seems to indicate that a region of enhanced emission exists on the opposite side of the disk from the expected location of the hot spot. The photometric observations reveal the presence of a hump in the light curve occurring at an orbital phase which is consistent with the phase at which the region of enhanced line emission is most favorably seen. Changes in the hump amplitude are seen from night to night, and a 15.9 min periodicity is evident in the light curve. The optical and X-ray periodicities suggest that SW UMa is a member of the DQ Her class of cataclysmic variables.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 308; 765-780
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The Andromeda Galaxy recurrent nova M31N 2008-12a had been observed in eruption 10 times, including yearly eruptions from 2008 to 2014. With a measured recurrence period of Prec = 351+/-13 days (we believe the true value to be half of this) and a white dwarf very close to the Chandrasekhar limit, M31N 2008-12a has become the leading pre-explosion supernova type Ia progenitor candidate. Following multi-wavelength follow-up observations of the 2013 and 2014 eruptions, we initiated a campaign to ensure early detection of the predicted 2015 eruption, which triggered ambitious ground- and space-based follow-up programs. In this paper we present the 2015 detection, visible to near-infrared photometry and visible spectroscopy, and ultraviolet and X-ray observations from the Swift observatory. The LCOGT 2 m (Hawaii) discovered the 2015 eruption, estimated to have commenced at August 28.28 +/- 0.12 UT. The 2013-2015 eruptions are remarkably similar at all wavelengths. New early spectroscopic observations reveal short-lived emission from material with velocities approx. 13,000 km/s, possibly collimated outflows. Photometric and spectroscopic observations of the eruption provide strong evidence supporting a red giant donor. An apparently stochastic variability during the early supersoft X-ray phase was comparable in amplitude and duration to past eruptions, but the 2013 and 2015 eruptions show evidence of a brief flux dip during this phase. The multi-eruption Swift/XRT spectra show tentative evidence of high-ionization emission lines above a high-temperature continuum. Following Henze et al. (2015a), the updated recurrence period based on all known eruptions is Prec 174 +/- 10 days, and we expect the next eruption of M31N 2008-12a to occur around 2016 mid-September.
    Keywords: Astrophysics
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN44015 , The Astrophysical Journal (ISSN 2041-8205) (e-ISSN 2041-8213); 833; 2; 149
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 1986-09-01
    Print ISSN: 0004-637X
    Electronic ISSN: 1538-4357
    Topics: Physics
    Published by Institute of Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 1995-02-01
    Print ISSN: 0004-637X
    Electronic ISSN: 1538-4357
    Topics: Physics
    Published by Institute of Physics
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