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  • 1
    ISSN: 0273-1177
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Solar physics 164 (1996), S. 291-302 
    ISSN: 1573-093X
    Keywords: magnetic azimuth resolution ; vertical currents ; δ-spots
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Using the ambiguity-free vertical current defined by Semel and Skumanich (1995) we derive a minimum-current azimuth disambiguation for the observed magnetic field in the active region NOAA 7201. A comparison of such a minimum-current azimuth resolution with those from other extant methods indicates that the resulting resolution, even though found to be limited by noise, is a useful first approximation. A comparison of our minimum current distribution with the currents we derive from an extant disambiguation (Lites et al., 1995) indicates the presence of current discontinuities in the form of linear features near the magnetic neutral line of the associated δ-spot.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Solar physics 164 (1996), S. 417-428 
    ISSN: 1573-093X
    Keywords: Solar type stars ; Magnetic fields ; Spectropolarimetry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract In this work, a multi-line spectropolarimetric detection using an Echelle spectrograph is described. The polarization of Zeeman effect is detected by the use of more than 200 lines observed in the solar type star, HR1099. Using the statistics analysis in a sample of 200 lines, we found on the average a polarization signal of about 3 × 10−4.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-093X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Linear polarization in two chromospheric lines (Hα and SI 1437 A) was observed in the gradual phase of solar flares. The polarized electric vector is directed towards disk center. This polarization could be due to collisional excitation of hydrogen and SI by energetic electrons beamed in the vertical direction. Direct excitation by a highly energetic beam of electrons of order 10–100 keV. is doubtful. The heat flux in the region connecting the transition zone to the high chromosphere during the gradual phase of a flare could lead to an anisotropic excitation. Selecting a function which represents the velocity distribution of electrons carrying heat flux, the relationship between conductive heat flux and linear line polarization has been computed. The application of the relationship between linear polarization and heat flux to the observed degree of polarization leads to the determination of the conductive heat flux in the high chromosphere. This conductive flux is of the order of magnitude of the total radiation loss in the chromosphere and below, which is also of the order of magnitude of the conductive flux in the transition zone.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-093X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract MUSICOS (for MUlti-SIte COntinuous Spectroscopy) is an international project to facilitate and organize world-wide multi-site campaigns in high resolution spectroscopy, in view of obtaining a complete time coverage of various types of variable stellar phenomena. In the framework of this project a vast spectroscopic campaign was organized in December 1992, involving 8 sites well distributed in longitude around the Earth. The observations concerned three scientific programs, among which was the study of azimuthal structures in the wind and chromosphere of the pre-Main-Sequence Herbig Ae star AB Aur. The Hei 5876 Å line of AB Aur, which is formed in the expanding chromosphere of this star, in the innermost parts of its wind, was monitored at a resolution of 30000, nearly continuously for about 4 days. A spectacular variability of this line was discovered, the profile changing from pure emission to a composite profile including a deep absorption component in the course of a few hours. This variability can be the signature of azimuthal structures in the wind of AB Aur. We present the data collected during the campaign, and discuss possible interpretations of the spectacular variations of the Hei 5876 Å line.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-093X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract In the task of studying stellar magnetic fields, polarimetric methods have been intensively used in Ap stars. But the observational material classically used to reconstruct stellar magnetic structures (average longitudinal magnetic field as a function of rotational phase) is not rich enough in spatial information to derive geometries more complex than centered or decentered dipoles. In solar-type stars, all evidences of activity recently detected on their surfaces (starspots, flares, ...) indicate they are most likely magnetic stars. But polarimetric methods have always failed in these stars, probably due to the complex magnetic topologies encountered which even prevented until now a simple detection (Borra, Edwards, and Mayor, 1984). With the Zeeman broadening measurement technique proposed by Robinson (1980), no reliable results can be derived for rapid rotators, which are otherwise presumed to be the best candidates for magnetic detections. Once more, if temperature inhomogeneity charts are already available for solar-type stars (Vogt, 1987), spatial information on their magnetic distributions has conversely not yet been obtained. The new option, recently proposed by Semel (1989) and qualified by Donati, Semel, and Praderie (1989), is based on the rotational modulation study of a rapid rotator Stokes parameter V(λ), obtained with both high spectral resolution R, and high signal-to-noise ratio S/N. Since the magnetic information used refers to localized strips on the stellar disc (as a consequence of the star rotation), multipolar structures can thus be resolved. A new instrumentation and observing procedure have been defined for ZDI, in order to obtain very high S/N data. The method has been successfully tested on two bright magnetic Ap stars: a magnetic detection was obtained on ɛ UMa and a 15-point phase coverage of α 2 CVn is available for the reconstruction of complete 2D abundance and magnetic mappings of its photosphere. Concerning solar-type stars, a numerical simulation was carried out in order to determine the observational constraints required for the detection of ‘typical’ magnetic field similar to those reported in slow rotators with the Robinson method (Saar, 1988). The specifications needed are S/N ≥ 400 per 40 mÅ pixel and R ∼- 6 × 104.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: It is shown that quantitative information on the mechanisms of energy transport which take place in solar flares can be obtained by measurement of impact line polarization. Linear polarization in two chromospheric lines (H-alpha and SI 1437 A) observed in the gradual phase of solar flares was investigated. The polarized electric vector is shown to be directed towards the center of the disk. The relationship between conductive heat flux and linear line polarization is determined using a function which represents the velocity distribution of electrons carrying heat flux. The relationship between linear polarization and heat flux is applied to the observed degree of polarization, which yields the conductive heat flux in the high chromosphere. It is determined that this conductive flux is of the order of magnitude of the total radiation loss in the chromosphere and below, which is also of the order of magnitude of the conductive flux in the transition zone.
    Keywords: SOLAR PHYSICS
    Type: (ISSN 0038-0938)
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The paper reports results of a magnetic field measuring campaign on the active K component of the RS CVn system HR 1099, using Zeeman-Doppler imaging. A localized magnetic field is detected near quadrature (phase 0.85). Assuming this magnetic region has a circular shape, its longitude and latitude are, respectively, estimated to be 86 + or - 4 deg and 5 + or - 5 deg. This equatorial region is largely monopolar, has a mean field strength of 985 + or - 270 G, covers 18 + or - 3 percent of the total stellar surface and may be colocalized with a bright photospheric spot.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361); 232; 1, Ju
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Keywords: SOLAR PHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 265
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Spectropolarimetric, spectroscopic, and photometric observations of the RS CVn binary system HR 1099 = V711 Tau (K1IV+G5V) were made from Oct. 1988 to Jan. 1991. From Doppler imaging of the unpolarized spectra and the corresponding data, two maximum entropy images of the temperature distribution of the active K1 subgiant at epochs 1988.9 and 1990.9 were derived. Zeeman-Doppler imaging of the circularly polarized spectra has led to the first magnetic maps of a star other than the sun. The fragmentary observations made at epoch 1989.6 suggest that the star's magnetic field lines were emerging radially and/or poloidally from an equatorial warm region at that time, quite likely one of these reconstructed in the 1988.9 temperature image.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361); 265; 2; p. 682-700.
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