Experimental data have been obtained in an incompressible turbulent flow over a rearward-facing step in a diverging channel flow. Mean velocities, Reynolds stresses, and triple products that were measured by a laser Doppler velocimeter are presented for two cases of tunnel wall divergence. Eddy viscosities, production, convection, turbulent diffusion, and dissipation (balance of kinetic energy equation) terms are extracted from the data. These data are compared with various eddy-viscosity turbulence models. Numerical calculations incorporating the k-epsilon and algebraic-stress turbulence models are compared with the data. When determining quantities of engineering interest, the modified algebraic-stress model (ASM) is a significant improvement over the unmodified ASM and the unmodified k-epsilon model; however, like the others, it dramatically overpredicts the experimentally determined dissipation rate.
FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
AIAA Journal (ISSN 0001-1452); 23; 163-171