Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Double-exposure speckle patterns created by scattered light were used to study tensile deformation of isotactic polypropylene film. The method makes possible a quantitative investigation of the deformation process (relative magnitude and orientation of the displacement vector, Poisson's ratio μ) by means of a simple optical analysis of stepwise deformations covering the desired range. The displacement vector and Poisson's ratio have been determined with an accuuracy of ± 5% in the range of small deformations (up to 18% relative deformation); and the role of stress relaxation has been examined. Limitations of the method, such as the range of measurable displacements, effect of prestressing, and stability of the system, etc., are discussed. Among advantages of the method are comparative simplicity and accuracy, and the possibility of its application to other systems studied by the small-angle light scattering method.
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