In-vitro pollen maturation
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Immature pollen grains of Nicotiana tabacum L., cv ‘Petit Havana’ were isolated at the mid-binucleate stage and cultured in vitro. During the first 66 h of in-vitro culture the pollen developed the same ability to set seed and germinate as pollen matured in vivo. No fertile pollen was produced when protein synthesis was inhibited temporarily at an early stage of development. In the case of inhibition at day 2 of development a delay in the total time necessary for maturation was observed that was equal to the length of time the inhibitor was applied. Hybridization experiments with a pollen-specific cDNA probe showed that the pattern of gene expression in vitro was similar to that in vivo. However, the model system differs from natural pollen development with respect to the dehydration period, which is absent in the model system, and the synthesis of proteins. Protein synthesis of in-vitro cultured pollen differed significantly from that of pollen developing in vivo, even though pollen maturation in vitro proceeded in the same time as in vivo, and led to fully matured fertile pollen. Pollen development in vitro is thus an ideal model system for studying gene expression in relation to fertility and for experimental manipulation of microsporogenesis.
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